Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that starts in childhood, but the symptoms persist in adulthood. It has a negative impact on academic, social and work life and has a high hereditary feature.
Until recently, it was thought to be a childhood-specific disease. However in recent years worldwide research has shown that this disease persists in adulthood and causes many problems. As a result of the difficulties experienced in the regulation of attention, activity and impulsivity (behaving without considering and evaluating the results sufficiently, making sudden decisions) in individuals with ADHD, negativity starting from the first years of life can cause different life problems in every age.
Consequences of ADHD
While children with ADHD experience problems such as school failures, disciplinary punishment, expulsion, and failing the class. Some of the difficulties faced by individuals with this disease in adulthood are as follows; frequent co-partner replacement, marriage problems, divorce, and frequent seizure of sexually transmitted diseases as a result of failure in partner-partner relationships; frequent job changing, unemployment, low income; difficulties in social life and compliance with the rules and consequently common judicial problems, traffic fines, risky behaviors; problematic life events such as alcohol and substance abuse.
These individuals can leave their jobs without thinking due to their impulsivity. If they are working in a stationary job such as office work), they may easily consider quiting because of their hyperactivity. They may seek more suitable, mobile (frequent travel, field work). Therefore, job changing rates are high. ADHD adults’ difficulties in obeying the rules can lead to disciplinary punishment, expulsion from school or dismissal, leading to difficulties both in childhood and in school life. Similarly, the problems related to mobility and impulsivity are related to traffic accidents, frequent exposure to traffic fines, physical accidents and trauma; carelessness problems can cause work accidents.
Individuals with this disease commonly interested in risky sports, frequently change hobbies, engage in multiple jobs and activities at the same time (courses, trainings, etc.), but abandon most of them before completing them.
Adults with ADHD often have problems in their relationships. One of the main reasons for this is that they have “commitment” problems associated with this disease since childhood. The concept of commitment is defined by Bowlby (the developer of the theory). He describes it as an emotional process that develops between the child and the caregiver. It has a lifelong continuity that serves to maintain the child’s proximity to the caregiver ”. Then, based on this basic theory; The bond that people have developed against those whom they consider important to them ”.