Alcohol Related Disorders
Alcoholic beverages are commonly used all over the world. As the amount and frequency of use increases, they have many negative consequences both by direct effects and by causing various mental illnesses.
One of the most important risks of alcohol use is the development of tolerance to its use over time. In other words, they need an increasing amount of alcohol to reach the same level of intoxication. Therefore, dependency may develop over time if use continues. The pleasant feature of the substance on the reward system causes the individual to depend on alcohol or substance. The addict uses the substance he or she is dependent on in a compulsive manner despite the negative consequences.
If there is excessive use and the individual asks for help psychiatrist. The first week-ten days of treatment is the detoxification period. If the amount of use is too high, it is more appropriate to spend the first days of alcohol withdrawal in hospital. This is because some serious symptoms occur after sudden withdrawal. These may be tolerable symptoms such as sweating, tremor, insomnia, restlessness, anxiety, epileptic seizures, delirium. Therefore, patients either try to relieve these withdrawal symptoms by drinking again fail to quit. In case of lighter use, outpatient treatment may be possible.
Nevertheless, it would be appropriate for the patient to spend this period at home rather than accompanied by an assistant. Because the drugs that should be used in this period will prevent the daily life of doing the usual job and work.
Psychotherapy and Drugs
After treatment period, addiction treatment is applied both with drugs and with specific psychotherapy methods. Individual or group therapies, family interventions, support groups (alcoholics anonymous, AA) are methods and efforts to adapt the patient to alcohol-free life.
The high and frequent use of alcohol can cause other psychiatric disorders besides addiction. Depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, panic attacks, sleep disorders. In these cases, treatment of these diseases should continue along with addiction treatment.
On the other hand, it may pave the way for the development of alcohol dependence in other psychiatric disorders. Personality disorders, social phobia, panic disorder, depressive disorder, sleep disorders are some of them. People use alcohol to overcome the difficulties posed by these underlying problems (for example, a person who has trouble falling asleep gets alcohol to sleep every night, a businessman with airplane phobia takes alcohol before or during each flight, or an artist with social phobia on every scene. addiction may develop out of control and alcohol use over time. Long-term psychotherapy after alcohol dependence treatment will be necessary, especially in cases of personality problems.