Antidepressants: What Should You Know About Them?

Antidepressants are medications that are used to treat depression. They work by increasing the levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that helps regulate moods. There are many different types of antidepressants, and they can be prescribed in different doses depending on the individual’s needs. They can help improve moods and allow people to function better in their everyday lives. However, it is essential to consult with a doctor before taking antidepressants, as they can cause side effects in some people.

Are there any over-the-counter antidepressants available?

There are a few over-the-counter antidepressants, but they are not as effective as prescription antidepressants. Some over-the-counter antidepressants include SAM-e, St. John’s wort, and omega-3 fatty acids. However, if you are experiencing depressive symptoms, it is best to speak with your doctor to determine the best course of treatment.

antidepressant

What Is an Antidepressant?

An antidepressant is a drug used to treat depression and other mood disorders.

The term “antidepressant” refers to drugs prescribed for treating the major depressive disorder and other psychiatric illnesses, such as anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and eating disorders. However, these drugs are sometimes prescribed for chronic pain or chronic fatigue syndrome.

They are divided into several categories depending on their mechanism of action. The most common types of antidepressants are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which include fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil), and sertraline (Zoloft).

There are a few different ways that antidepressants may work, but they seem to help by increasing serotonin levels in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that helps regulate mood, and when there are low serotonin levels, it can cause depression.

They work by blocking the reabsorption of serotonin back into the nerve cells, which essentially leaves more serotonin available to help improve mood. Some antidepressants also block other brain receptors that bind with neurotransmitters like norepinephrine and dopamine, which may also help improve mood.

Benefits:

There are several benefits to antidepressant medications. Some of the most common benefits include:

  • Relief from depressive symptoms
  • Improvement in sleep quality
  • Reduction in anxiety symptoms
  • Increased energy levels

They also carry a lower risk of addiction and have been shown to be effective in many patients, including those who have not responded to other treatments.

Side Effects:

There are a variety of potential side effects associated with antidepressant medications, including but not limited to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, dry mouth, dizziness, drowsiness, agitation, anxiety, sexual dysfunction, and weight gain. Some people may also experience more severe side effects like suicidal thoughts or behaviors. Talking to your doctor about the potential risks and benefits of taking antidepressants before starting medication is essential.

Some Mild Antidepressants:

Fluoxetine:

Fluoxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medication. It works by increasing the amount of serotonin, a natural substance in the brain, that helps to regulate mood.

Fluoxetine is used to treat major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), bulimia nervosa, panic disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is also used to treat adults’ premature ejaculation and social anxiety disorder. Fluoxetine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Fluvoxamine:

Fluvoxamine is a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant medication. It works by increasing serotonin levels in the brain, which may improve mood or relieve symptoms of depression. It is used to treat major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder. Fluvoxamine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

If you are pregnant, do not take fluvoxamine without first talking to your doctor. It is not known whether fluvoxamine passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby.

Reboxetine:

Reboxetine is a medication that is used to treat depression. It belongs to a class of medications called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Reboxetine works by increasing the levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is thought to play a role in mood and depression.

Trazodone:

Trazodone is a prescription medication that is used to treat depression. It belongs to a class of medications known as serotonin receptor antagonists, and it works by blocking the serotonin receptors in the brain. This helps to improve mood and reduce symptoms of depression.

Trazodone is available in tablet form and can be taken either with or without food. It is typically taken once daily, either in the morning or evening. Some common side effects of trazodone include drowsiness, dry mouth, dizziness, and constipation. You must speak with your doctor if you experience severe side effects while taking trazodone.

Last Updated on August 11, 2022 by William Lindberg

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