14 Anxiety Disorders In Children

Anxiety Disorders in children are very common psychological disorders.  The concerns are mostly eliminated by CBT techniques (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy). In this article we’ll be looking at the common types of anxiety disorders in children and how to cure anxiety disorders in children.

How to cure anxiety disorders?

If you’re suffering from anxiety disorders, the first thing to do is figure out what’s causing your anxiety. Once you identify the cause, tackle it by getting rid of that substance or subjecting yourself less often to that particular thought process. Many studies have been done on the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for treating various psychological disorders and many clinical professionals believe it to be an effective therapeutic intervention.

Today, anxiety disorders are one of the most common problems of child and adolescent psychiatry (Bernstein and Borchardt 1991). There are 14 different anxiety disorders for children and adolescents.  

9 things to say to your anxious child
9 things to say to your anxious child

Separation Anxiety

anxiety disorders in children
Anxiety Disorders in children

It occurs when the child leaves the parent or caregiver. The child has extreme anxiety when the parents leave them. When there is a state of separation, these children cry. Children with separation anxiety also have difficulty in going to school.

Panic Disorder

14 anxiety disorders in children 1
Panic Disorder in Children

Panic attacks occur suddenly and there are severe reasons. It usually starts with an anxious situation or a physical trigger. A slight palpitation, numbness, symptoms of the digestive system can be seen. The child are worried that they will die or become ill. Therefore they consider themselves to be dying all the time.

Panic Disorder With Agoraphobia

14 anxiety disorders in children 2
Agoraphobia and Children

Agoraphobia (a word of ancient Greek origin) is the fear of open space. The child or the teen is afraid to leave the house, to be open to people, to enter shopping centers or shops, to be in crowds, in theaters or in narrow and closed rooms, or to travel by train, bus or plane. Because of these concerns, he/she avoids going to such places or experiences great fears when they’re in there. Panic attacks and agoraphobia often occur together.

Body Focused Repetitive Behaviors BFRBs

There are many different types of anxiety: Trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder), Dermatillomani (skin picking disorder).

Dermatillomania affects 5 percent of the population and about 75 percent of them are women. Trichotillomania usually begins in late childhood or early adolescence (11-15 years). It can also be seen in early childhood, but it can be temporary.

Untreated Anxiety Disorders In Children are at higher risk to perform poorly in school. They miss out on important social experiences and engage in substance abuse.

Anxiety and Depression Association of America 
14 anxiety disorders in children 3
Anxiety Disorders In Children source: ammpe.com/

Specific Phobias

The child has an intense and continuous concern for a particular object or situation. For example, the child may have an increased amount of anxiety when they see a dog. As a result, it is being considered one of the most common anxiety disorders in children and adolescents.

Social Phobia

Social Anxiety Disorders in Children or Social Phobia is a problem that the child is concerned about being in front of the community. This could be a small community or a school. Hence, children with this problem tend to be asocial.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

(OCD) Briefly, it means obsession. It is a psychological disease that forces unreasonable thoughts and fears to exhibit repetitive behavior. Patients usually ignore these obsessions. Because they say that it doesn’t affect them. However, this obsessive behavior makes life difficult. OCD is one of the most common Anxiety Disorders In Children.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD occurs after encountering, witnessing, or receiving information from a source of stress. Children or adolescents begin to worry about nightmares, intense fears, under extreme stress. It can be extremely compelling for the child. Symptoms: ongoing disturbing vivid memories, nightmares, restlessness in a continuous and intense way. It is the only anxiety disorder that can be clearly identified. 

Hoarding Disorder (HD)

This problem can occur at children and young age. It’s the concern of losing objects and material things. The child wants to have everything. They don’t want anything to be lost or thrown in the trash. In time, it gets worse. It affects school and business life in the future. 

Possible Triggers for Students who have anxiety

Common Anxiety Disorder

In children and adolescents (young people), there is a state of extreme anxiety. It affects the child’s daily life negatively. These children think the worst possible outcome in any case. For example, the fear of losing loved ones, the fear of being an unpopular person, the natural disaster will occur such as the end of the world.

Anxiety Due To Medical Condition

It is an excessive and sustained concern about the health status of or the existing health problems. It affects the child’s daily life and even wants to undergo medical treatment.

Anxiety Due To Substance Use

It may occur as anxiety, panic attack, phobia, obsession, or compulsion due to substance use. 

Unspecified Anxiety Disorder

It is used in situations where anxiety symptoms are predominant but do not meet a specific anxiety disorder or any disorder criteria.

Selective Mutism

In some places and situations, the child does not speak in any way. These children are able to speak and communicate in settings where they are comfortable, secure, and relaxed. 

As a result

As you can see in children with anxiety disorder, there are many different diagnoses. After an accurate diagnosis, the child should receive therapy until the anxiety problem disappears. These Anxiety Disorders in children continue at an advanced age if it’s not treated.

Last Updated on December 3, 2021 by William Lindberg

Write a Comment

About Author

I am studying in Florida about Dialectic Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. I'm doing research on Neuro-Emotional Technique (NET), Cognitive psychology, Metacognitive Therapy.

Write a Comment