Anxiety Disorders In Children:
Anxiety disorders in children are a very common psychological disorder. The concerns are mostly eliminated by CBT techniques (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy).
Today, anxiety disorders are one of the most common problems of child and adolescent psychiatry (Bernstein and Borchardt 1991). There are 14 different anxiety disorders for children and adolescents.
Occurs when the child leaves the parent or caregiver. The child has extreme anxiety when parents leave them. When there is a state of separation, these children cry. Children with separation anxiety also have difficulty in going to school.
Panic attacks occur suddenly and there are severe reasons. It usually starts with an anxiety-provoking. Or a physical symptom. A slight palpitation, numbness, symptoms of the digestive system. The child or the young are worried that they will die or become ill. Therefore they consider themselves to be dying all the time.
Panic Disorder With Agoraphobia
Agoraphobia (a word of ancient Greek origin) is the fear of open space. The child or the teen is afraid to leave the house, to be open to people, to enter shopping centers or shops, to be in crowds, in theaters or in narrow and closed rooms, or to travel by train, bus or plane. Because of these concerns, he/she avoids going to such places or experiences great fears when they’re in there. Panic attacks and agoraphobia often occur together.
Body Focused Repetitive Behaviors BFRBs
There are many different types of anxiety ; Trichotillomania (hair pulling disorder), Dermatillomani (Skin Picking Disorder).
Dermatillomania affects 5 percent of the population and about 75 percent of them are women. Trichotolomani usually begins in late childhood or early adolescence (11-15 years). It can also be seen in early childhood, but it can be temporary.
The child has an intense and continuous concern for a particular object or situation. For example; The child may have an intense anxiety when they see a dog. As a result; It is one of the most common anxiety disorders in children and adolescents.
Social Anxiety Disorder or Social Phobia is a problem that the child is concerned about being in front of the community. This could be a small community or a school. Hence, children with this problem tend to be asocial.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
(OCD) Briefly, it means obsession. It is a psychological disease that forces unreasonable thoughts and fears to exhibit repetitive behavior. Patients usually ignore these obsessions. Because they say that it don’t effect them. However, this obsessive behavior makes life difficult.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
(PTSD) occurs after encountering, witnessing or receiving information from a source of stress. Children or adolescents begin to worry about nightmares, intense fears, under extreme stress. It can be extremely compelling for the child. Symptoms ; ongoing disturbing vivid memories, nightmares, restlessness in a continuous and intense way. It is the only anxiety disorder that can be clearly identified.
Hoarding Disorder (HD)
This problem can occur at children and young age .It’s the concern of losing objects and material things. The child wants to have everything. They don’t want anything to be lost or thrown in the trash. In time, it gets worse. It affects school and bussines life in the future.
Common Anxiety Disorder
In children and adolescents (young people), there is a state of extreme anxiety. It affects the child’s daily life negatively. These children think the worst possible outcome in any case. For example, the fear of losing loved ones, the fear of being an unpopular person, the natural disaster will occur such as the end of the world.
Anxiety Due To Medical Condition
It is an excessive and sustained concern about the health status of or the existing health problems. It affects the child’s daily life and even wants to undergo medical treatment.
Anxiety Due To Substance Use
It may occur as anxiety, panic attack, phobia, obsession or compulsion due to substance use.
Unspecified Anxiety Disorder
It is used in situations where anxiety symptoms are predominant but do not meet a specific anxiety disorder or any disorder criteria.
In some places and situations, the child does not speak in any way. These children are able to speak and communicate in settings where they are comfortable, secure, and relaxed.
As a result
As you can see in children with anxiety disorder, there are many different diagnoses. After an accurate diagnosis, the child should receive therapy until the anxiety problem disappears. These anxiety problems in childhood continue in advanced age if it’s not treated.