Anxiety disorders in children are a very common psychological disorder. The concerns are mostly eliminated by CBT techniques (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy).
Today, anxiety disorders are one of the most common problems of child and adolescent psychiatry (Bernstein and Borchardt 1991). There are 14 different anxiety disorders for children and adolescents.
Occurs when the child leaves the parent or caregiver. First of all, the child has extreme anxiety when he leaves. When there is a state of separation, these children cry, have difficulty, are extremely scared and have anxiety. Children with separation anxiety also have difficulty in going to school.
Panic attacks occur suddenly and there are very severe concerns. It usually starts with an anxiety-provoking. This can be something that the child fear of anxiety-provoking. Or a physical symptom. A slight palpitation, numbness, symptoms of the digestive system. The child or the young are worried that they will die or become ill. Therefore he considers himself to be dying all the time.
Panic disorder with agoraphobia
Agoraphobia (a word of ancient Greek origin) is the fear of open space. The child or the teen is afraid to leave the house, to be open to people, to enter shopping centers or shops, to be in crowds, in theaters or in narrow and closed rooms, or to travel by train, bus or plane. Because of these concerns, he avoids going to such places or experiences great fears as long as he is there. Panic attacks and agoraphobia often occur together. In such a case, diagnose Agoraphobia panic disorder.
Body Focused Repetitive Behaviors BFRBs
There are many different types of anxiety. These; Trichotillomania, Dermatillomani. Similar behaviors: nail eating, lip bite.
Dermatillomania affects 5 percent of the population and about 75 percent of them are women. Trichotolomani usually begins in late childhood or early adolescence (11-15 years). It can also be seen in early childhood, but it is temporary in some children. It is seen equally in children, boys and girls. 80-90% of the known cases are female.
As a result, some of the spells of these anxiety disorders are girls.
The child has an intense and continuous concern for a particular object or situation. For example; The child may have an intense anxiety when he sees a dog. As a result; It is one of the most common anxiety disorders in children and adolescents.
Social Anxiety Disorder or Social Phobia is the problem that the child is concerned about being in front of the community. This could be a small community or a school. Hence, children with this problem tend to be asocial.
Obsessive compulsive disorder
(OCD) Briefly, it means obsession. It is a psychological disease that forces unreasonable thoughts and fears to exhibit repetitive behavior. These obsessions are usually ignored by the patient. Because the patient says he’s not bothered by this obsession. However, this obsessive behavior makes life difficult.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
(PTSD) occurs after encountering, witnessing or receiving information from a source of stress. Children or adolescents begin to worry about nightmares, intense fears, under extreme stress. It can be extremely debilitating, compelling for the child. Symptoms, ongoing disturbing vivid memories, nightmares, restlessness continue in a continuous and intense way. it is the only anxiety disorder that can be clearly identified. In children, an accident (car) or violence occurs after sexual harassment.
Hoarding Disorder (HD)
This problem, which can occur at children and young age, occurs with the concern of losing objects and material things. The child wants to have everything. The child does not want anything to be lost or thrown in the trash. In time, the habitat worsens. School and future business life is negatively affected. This impulse seems to be uncontrollable. Big problems arise because nothing can be thrown away.
Common anxiety disorder
In children and adolescents (young people), there is a state of extreme and inappropriate anxiety. It affects the child’s daily life negatively. These children think the worst possible outcome in any case. For example, the fear of losing loved ones, the fear of being an unpopular person, the natural disaster will occur, such as the end of the world may be unrealistic fears. Some of these concerns are the academic failure, the concern that the patient will be constantly sick.
It is a continuous and intensive state of anxiety in children. These kids think the worst result in any case. For example, anxiety about losing loved ones, anxiety of not being successful, anxiety of not being liked.
Similarly, these concerns negatively affect the child’s daily life. As a result, therapy is inevitable.
Anxiety due to medical condition
It is not exactly a concern, but it still suffers from an excessive and sustained concern about the health status of the child or the existing health problems. It affects the child’s normal life and even wants to undergo continuous medical supervision.
Anxiety due to substance use
It occurs as anxiety, panic attack, phobia, obsession or compulsion due to substance use. It increases with the widespread use of harmful addictive substances in children and young people.
Unspecified anxiety disorder
It is a diagnosis used in situations where anxiety symptoms are predominant but do not meet a specific anxiety disorder or adjustment disorder criteria.
In some places and situations, the child does not speak in any way (they may not prefer to talk), but it is the way in which they continue to speak normally. The child may want to contact himself. This can be done at school, at shopping, at home or near friends. The fact that it does not communicate mostly depends on a certain cause and relationship.
As a result
As you can see in children with anxiety disorder, there are many different diagnoses. After an accurate diagnosis, the child should receive therapy until the anxiety problem disappears. These anxiety problems in childhood continue in advanced age if not treated.
I am studying in Florida about Dialectic Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. I’m doing research on Neuro-Emotional Technique (NET), Cognitive psychology, Metacognitive Therapy.