Asperger Syndrome: Is It Autism?

No two people with Asperger Syndrome (AS) are exactly alike. While people with AS share some common characteristics, their symptoms and experiences vary widely. Some people with AS are considered high-functioning, while others require more support. But what is Asperger Syndrome, really? Is it autism? And how do you know if you or someone you love has it? Here’s a closer look at Asperger Syndrome and what you need to know.

Is Asperger’s dangerous?

There is no evidence that Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) is dangerous. AS is a neurological condition characterized by deficits in social communication and interaction, as well as restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests. Individuals with AS may experience difficulties with executive functioning, sensory processing, and emotional regulation. However, the vast majority of people with AS are able to live normal lives and are not at risk for any dangerous outcomes. Some individuals with AS may be more vulnerable to bullying or social isolation, but there is no evidence that these difficulties pose any serious threat to their safety.

What Is Asperger Syndrome?

Asperger Syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that belongs to a group of conditions called autism spectrum disorders (ASD). People with AS have difficulties with social interactions and communications and display restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests.

Though people with Asperger Syndrome may experience some difficulties, they often have above-average intelligence and abilities in certain areas. For example, many people with AS are extremely talented in music or math.


There is still much unknown about the cause of Asperger Syndrome. However, research suggests that it may be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Some studies have found that people with Asperger Syndrome may have differences in their genes that control brain development and communication skills. Others have suggested that certain environmental factors, such as exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals, may increase the risk of developing Asperger Syndrome. More research is needed to determine the exact causes of this condition.

The father of Asperger syndrome, Hans Asperger, observed common qualities among his patients’ family members, especially fathers. Research supports this observation and suggests a genetic influence on Asperger syndrome. Although no specific genetic cause has yet been discovered, numerous factors have been linked to the manifestation of autism in children based on the variety of symptoms exhibited by youngsters. 

AS is hereditary, with a high incidence in families that have more relatives with similar behavioral symptoms (for example, difficulties interacting socially or with language and reading skills). All autism spectrum disorders, however, appear to have similar genetic origins, according to behavioral genetic studies. AS may have a stronger hereditary component than autism. There may be genetic relationships that make certain variants vulnerable and produce different degrees of severity and symptoms in each person with AS.

During the first eight weeks from conception, a few ASD cases have been linked to teratogens (agents that lead to birth anomalies) in the womb. Although this does not rule out the possibility that ASD can begin or be influenced later, it is significant evidence that it develops early in development. The hypothesis that environmental conditions have an impact on development after birth has never been proved.


People with Asperger Syndrome (AS) have difficulty with social communication and interaction and show restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests. They may also have problems with motor skills and sensory processing.

Individuals with Asperger syndrome may not appear to be asocial around others in comparison to persons with other, more severe types of autism; they will approach others, even if awkwardly. A person with Asperger syndrome, for example, may engage in a one-sided, drawn-out speech about a favorite topic while misunderstanding or disregarding the listener’s feelings or reactions, such as a desire to change the subject of conversation or terminate the interaction.

Individuals with AS often have above-average intelligence, and many become experts in a specific field of interest. They can be very creative and often have an excellent memory. However, they may also be socially isolated because of their difficulties interacting with others and may feel out of place in the world.

The theory that people with AS are more inclined to be violent or criminal has been researched but does not hold up under examination. More evidence suggests that children diagnosed with Asperger syndrome are more likely to be victims than perpetrators.

People with Asperger syndrome frequently have restricted and repetitive behaviors, hobbies, and activities that are unusual in intensity or focus. They can become fixated on specific parts of objects, moving in rigidly patterned and repetitive ways, preoccupy themselves with particular aspects of things, or engage in compulsive behaviors such as arranging things into patterns.

Individuals with Asperger syndrome often acquire language abilities without significant general delay, although their speech is frequently unbalanced. Language acquisition and usage are occasionally unusual in individuals with Asperger syndrome. Abnormalities include redundancy; sharp transitions; literal interpretations and misunderstanding of nuance; a metaphor that is only meaningful to the speaker; hearing loss or difficulties in listening or comprehending speech audio, particularly if it is excessively meticulous, formal, or idiosyncratic; and quirks in volume, pitch, tone, inflection, prosody, and rhythm. Echolalia has also been observed in individuals with Asperger’s.


There is a treatment for Asperger Syndrome. However, the treatment depends on the severity of the condition. If the person has mild symptoms, then therapy and social support may be all that is needed. If the person has more severe symptoms, medication and therapy may be necessary. There is no cure for Asperger Syndrome, but with treatment, people with this condition can lead happy and productive lives.

The treatment options for Asperger Syndrome will vary depending on the individual’s symptoms and needs. However, some of the common treatment options for Asperger Syndrome include therapy, medication, and educational interventions.

Therapy is often recommended for individuals with Asperger’s in order to help them learn how to better interact with others and manage their symptoms. Medication may also be prescribed in order to help treat specific symptoms, such as anxiety or depression. Educational interventions may be recommended in order to help children with Asperger Syndrome learn coping skills and improve their academic performance.

Last Updated on December 9, 2022 by Lucas Berg


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