Bedwetting (Nocturnal Enuresis)
Causes and frequency; Bedwetting is a very common phenomenon especially in preschool period. While approximately 3% of 3-year-olds can wet their beds at night, this figure declines to 5-year-olds, 10-year-olds and 3-year-olds. Although this is so common, parents are among the most worried. Etiologic factors include sleep weight, lack of bladder capacity, some food allergies, developmental delays and genetic factors. Enuresis occurs in the children who have enuresis both in the parents and in the parents, in the B of children who have only one midwife, and in children whose parents do not have enuresis (Cohen, 1975).
In order to diagnose bedwetting, the child must be over 5 years of age, and behavior should occur in inappropriate places (bed, clothes) and at least twice a week for 3 months. If peeing is due to a medical condition or depends on a drug use, it’ may not be enuresis. Before receiving psychological help on this subject, doctors should investigate whether the condition is a physiological cause or not. Even though night voiding is not a symptom for a psychopathological disorder, secondary emotional and behavioral problems and environmental reactions may cause psychological disorders. Bedwetting is a form of developmental retardation, and this situation may harm the child’s self-confidence.
Lower Wetting Treatment Steps:
- You need a calendar to keep the child wet or dry. This calendar should indicate whether the child wakes up each morning and gets wet or dry. On dry mornings, the family should encourage to continue working when wet.
- The child should go to the toilet before going to sleep at night.
- Access to the toilet should be facilitated for the child and clothes should be easy to remove.
- The child should be woken up at night and taken to the toilet. Night waking should be about 5 hours before the first night in the morning. In this way, the child can remain dry for 6 consecutive nights, 6 hours before the start of waking.