Shortness of Breath and Anxiety
Anxiety can show itself in so many ways. Shortness of breath is one of them.
The body needs oxygen to survive. While breathing ,we take oxygen to the lungs, and the oxygen that enters the blood is bound to a substance; hemoglobin. Hemoglobin transports oxygen to the tissues that it reaches through the blood stream and releases the carbon dioxide from the tissues into the lungs as a result of the use of oxygen in the tissues. Regularly maintaining the body’s energy responses is regulated by the balance between oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood. This balance is regulated by the speed and depth of respiration.
Hyperventilation (Fast Breathing)
Hyperventilation is the name for breathing more than the body needs.
Excessive and deep breathing increases the oxygen (O2) level in the blood and decreases the carbon dioxide (CO2) level. At rest, the appropriate breathing rate ranges from about 10-14 minutes per minute. In moving situations (walking, running, etc.), which naturally leads to energy consumption and increases O2 consumption and CO2 production, the person’s breathing rate increases.
Anxiety Could Trigger Hyperventilation
Like many bodily functions, nervous system automatically regulates the rate of breathing. Unlike other body functions alone, in addition to this automatic control, one can voluntarily increase the rate of breathing (such as when balloon inflating). Due to this feature, some factors such as distress, intense emotional states or habits may increase the speed of breathing. These factors are especially important in patients with panic attacks because they tend to breathe more than necessary which could be an symptom of anxiety.
Effects of Hyperventilation
Hyperventilation also has many observed effects. First, excessive breathing is physically exhausting. Therefore, the person gets hot, can set fire and perspiration. Secondly, breathing too much is exhausting and can cause fatigue and burnout. Thirdly, people who breathe excessively and quickly breathe through the diaphragm (abdominal) – abdominal breathing, rather than using their breasts – chest breathing. This results in the tightening and fatigue of the chest muscles. Therefore, they may feel chest tightness and even severe chest pain. Finally, individuals who breathe excessively have the habit of repetitive sighing and stretching. .Therefore, when fighting this problem, it is important to try to reduce it by becoming aware of habitual sighing and stretching.
Is Hyperventilation Dangerous?
The most important point to remember about hyperventilation is that it is not DANGEROUS. Changes caused by hyperventilation prepare the body to take action to avoid potential hazards. Therefore, it is an automatic response for the brain to immediately awaken the danger and awaken the person’s desire to escape.
Note: Today there are many mental disorders,and they all have different symptoms. Breathing problem doesn’t lead to a spesific disorder. Also not everyone has the same symptoms so before going to psychiatry make sure isn’t a general breathing problem.The common symptoms of people suffering from shortness of breath and anxiety are restlessness, not being able to stay in the same place for a long time, not being able to ensure the continuity of regular activities.