Last Updated on November 27, 2020 by Maya Hall
The Deep TMS method used in addiction treatment stimulates the deeper and deeper regions of the brain that cannot be stimulated with classical TMS.
Method that affects which area of the brain?
Deep TMU device is a method that stimulates areas of the brain such as Insula and Anterior Cingulate Cortex, which play a role in addiction by acting on a deep region.
Deep TMS is used in the treatment of which diseases?
Deep TMS is used in addiction, schizophrenia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and some other psychiatric diseases.
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Thanks to the features of the head used in the device, stimulation can be given to different brain regions in different diseases. The use of Deep TMS application in Depression and Bipolar Disorder is FDA and CE approved. It is especially used in the treatment of depression in America, Canada, Australia, Germany, Belgium, Italy and other European and South American countries.
Why is deep TMS important in addiction treatment?
Since addiction treatment is a difficult disease, it is important to regulate the brain regions that are impaired in treatment. Today, addiction is known to be a chronic and recurrent brain disease like schizophrenia or a chronic disease with a long-term treatment such as diabetes.
Addiction is not caused by a willpower disorder, lack of personality, or moral weakness. It occurs due to changes in hormones called neurotransmitters such as dopamine in the areas we call the reward center located in the depths of the brain. Powerful treatments such as deep brain stimulation can be effective in reversing these changes.
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Deep TMS applications in addiction treatment:
The goal in addiction treatment is first to remove the alcohol / substance used from the body and then to reduce the desire / desire (craving) felt for this substance. Almost half of addiction patients have difficulty in coping with alcohol / substance abuse despite the treatment methods such as drug therapy, psychotherapy and family therapy, which are still applied in the treatment protocol.
The purpose of deep TMS application is to stimulate the deep brain regions with the TMU method. Studies conducted in recent years reveal that Deep TMS treatment reduces the craving of addictive patients to smoke / alcohol / substance use.
In addition to reducing craving with deep TMS application, it also helps to reduce impulsive behaviors that cause substance use in the individual and by improving the person’s healthy decision-making ability. As a result of the stimulation of these areas, interest in the addictive substance decreases and the self-control ability of the person increases. It becomes more resistant to addictive substances. Session durations vary according to the type, amount and frequency of the substance used by the patient.
In which cases is Deep TMS required?
The Deep TMS method should be used in addiction patients, especially in cases of relapse after treatment, if the patient seeks the addictive substance despite known treatments.
Noting that 60-70% of addictive patients are accompanied by other psychiatric diseases such as depression, anxiety disorder and psychosis.
Deep TMS applications are effective in treating the accompanying psychiatric disease together with addiction.
Does Deep TMS pose a health risk?
Deep TMS is considered to be a very low-risk application since no invasive procedure is applied to the patient when compared to other brain stimulation methods as in classical TMS. This method does not cause any damage to the brain .
What is the use of Deep TMS in the treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?
Many patients with this disorder may be resistant to drug treatment. So much so that many patients have to live with this disorder because treatment is unsuccessful. Control over thoughts and behaviors can be increased by stimulating brain regions such as the anterior cingulate area with Deep TMS in patients
In which diseases is it applied?
• Alcohol addiction,
• Smoking addiction,
• Cocaine addiction,
• To overcome Multiple Sclerosis-Fatigue,Neuropathic pain,
• Obsessive compulsive disorder,
• Increasing autism-communication skills, Parkinson’s disease,
• Alzheimer’s Disease,
• CE approval is available for resistant neuro / psychiatric disorders such as negative symptoms (withdrawal, apathy) in schizophrenia.
Utilized resources : Prof.Dr. Dilbaz – npistanbul.com