Dementia is a weakening of cognitive abilities and consequently a deterioration in the daily life functions of patients. These deteriorations cause serious problems in the patient’s self-care, hobbies, professional functionality, and ability to act independently in daily life. This situation has very challenging consequences both for the patient himself and his relatives.
The incidence of dementia increases with age. Considering that the average age of the world population increases gradually, it’s easy to say that the frequency of dementia will increase in the future. Although there are many diseases with dementia symptoms, the most common type of dementia is “Alzheimer’s disease hast. To make the diagnosis of dementia doctor takes a detailed history of the patient and makes mental and neurological examination. On the other hand, diagnostic tools such as imaging methods (brain MRI, tomography, PET) are preferable.
Antidemantial drug treatment is for life after diagnosis. Apart from the cognitive symptoms mentioned above, emotional (such as anxiety, depression, excessive anger, decrease in emotional reactions), thought (delusions) and behavior (agitation, verbal and physical violence, inappropriate and uncontrolled behavior, continuous behavioral and psychological symptoms (auditory, visual hallucinations). Methods such as behavior regulation, training of the caregiver and increasing physical activity can help people who has less severe symptoms . However if it’s more severe; antipsychotic drugs, antidepressant and anxiety-relieving drugs are the main treatment option.
Herbal products have been useful frequently in recent years for both dermentia and ordinary amnesia. Even though it is thought to be natural and not harmful,side effects of these herbs should be taken into consideration before consuming. Daylight therapy, art therapy, music therapy, memory excercises, behavioral and enviromental therapies are non-drug treatments.