What is Dementia
When the brain is impaired by sickness, Dementia develops as a series of associated symptoms. The symptoms include gradual impairments of memory, thought, and actions that affect the ability to perform daily tasks. Other typical symptoms include emotional disorders, language problems, and diminished enthusiasm. It is not a consciousness disorder because it is not necessarily influenced by consciousness. In this article, we will talk about this disorder.
Dementia is a weakening of cognitive abilities and, consequently, a deterioration in patients’ daily life functions. These deteriorations cause serious problems in the patient’s self-care, hobbies, professional functionality, and the ability to act independently in daily life. This situation has very challenging consequences both for the patient himself and his relatives.
The incidence of dementia increases with age. Considering that the average age of the world population increases gradually, it’s easy to say that the frequency of it will increase in the future. Although there are many diseases with dementia symptoms, the most common type of dementia is “Alzheimer’s disease hast. To make the diagnosis of dementia doctor takes a detailed history of the patient and makes mental and neurological examinations. On the other hand, diagnostic tools such as imaging methods (brain MRI, tomography, PET) are preferable.
Antidemantial drug treatment is for life after diagnosis. Apart from the cognitive symptoms mentioned above, emotional (such as anxiety, depression, excessive anger, decrease in emotional reactions), thought (delusions) and behavior (agitation, verbal and physical violence, inappropriate and uncontrolled behavior, continuous behavioral and psychological symptoms (auditory, visual hallucinations). Methods such as behavior regulation, the caregiver’s training, and increasing physical activity can help people who have less severe symptoms. However, if it’s more severe, antipsychotic drugs, antidepressants, and anxiety-relieving drugs are the main treatment option.
Herbal products have been useful frequently in recent years for both dementia and ordinary amnesia. Even though it is thought to be natural and not harmful, the side effects of these herbs should be taken into consideration before consuming them. Daylight therapy, art therapy, music therapy, memory exercises, behavioral and environmental therapies are non-drug treatments.
Last Updated on December 15, 2020 by Lucas Berg
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