Dissociative Identity Disorder In All Aspects: Definition, Symptoms And Treatment
Multiple personality disorder (Dissociative identity Disorder) is a person’s identity dividing into two or more persons. The person experiences transitions between these personality structures and it is a psychological illness.
Multiple personality disorder is a very serious condition. .It also causes memory loss.
What Causes Identity Disorder ?
Doctors say that most patients with multiple personality disorders are those who have been physically or sexually abused in their childhood. In addition, post-traumatic stress disorder is often seen in people with multiple personality disorders..
Features of Multiple Personality
These personality structures that share a single body can be different from each other. A lawyer who has a 30-year-old character, a 15-year-old athlete may have another character, or even a 4-year-old personality. Moreover, these personalities may have different physical appearances. Even when one’s eyes are distorted, another’s eyes may have a very sharp view.
These characters usually do not recognize each other, they do not communicate with each other.
Some experts suggest that patients with multiple personality disorders are easily hypnotized and that their symptoms are iatrogenic; that the therapist appeared in response to the recommendations. On the other hand, some brain imaging studies have been able to access data on identity transitions in some patients.
This personality disorder is a result of trauma or concussion. It is mostly in individuals who experience traumas during infancy, when consciousness is new or not.
The cause of multiple personality disorder may manifest in a different way in each individual. Sometimes, these reasons reveal themselves as a result of intensive treatments and sessions, sometimes the cause can not be found.
These abuses usually arise from within the family or from the caregiver. The diagnosis of this rare condition requires trauma. Not all people with behavioral fluctuations or mood changes can be diagnosed with multiple personality disorders.
How Many Multiple Personalities Are Possible?
The number of different identities in patients with multiple personality disorders may be 2 or more than 100.
However, the number of persons reaching these figures is generally misleading. Because at some point it can create false personalities. At least two of the personality states of the patients are constantly under control. The number of individuals affecting patients is usually 5-10. Their number is proportional to the severity of the patient’s trauma.
In patients with multiple personality disorder; identity, memory and consciousness in a single personality. The primary identity of the patient is generally known by the name given to him, and this identity; it gives the impression of a passive, dependent, guilty and repressed character. Each character that the patient impersonates has its own story, personal image and identity. All of these features are very different from a person’s primary identity.
Each character has its own story, personal appearance, behavioral patterns, physical characteristics and name. Some characters appear specific to some situations. Alternative identities can change in a very short time, one can suppress the other.
People living with this disease; there are serious gaps in memory of places and events. Different identities can remember different events. Generally, however, passive characters have more limited memory.
People with multiple personality disorders experience symptoms such as depression, anxiety, passivity, dependence, or guilt. Behavioral problems or focusing problems in school are frequently appear in their childhood. Self-harm or aggressive behavior may be another symptom. People with multiple personality disorders may have visual or auditory hallucinations. The period between the first symptoms and the diagnosis is usually 6-7 years.
When Does Multiple Personality Disorder Occur?
Diagnosis of this condition, which manifests itself as a result of traumas at a very young age, is often not easy. Multiple personality disorders start to be effective in patients starting from the age of ten and show more effect in later ages. This disorder can be diagnosed with the right approach and treatment methods.
What to Know About Multiple Personality Disorder
- People with this disease have a high tendency to depression and suicide. The desire to harm themselves is intense.
- Approximately one third of people with dissociative disorders suffer from visual or auditory hallucinations.
- Some limited studies have shown that 1 out of 10 people in the general population may experience a short-term multiple personality disorder attack at least once in their life.
- Multiple personality disorder may develop as a side effect of another mental illness such as Borderline Personality Disorder.
- There are 5 main ways in which the separation of psychological processes changes a person’s experience of life: falling from personality, frustration, amnesia, confusion and identity change.
Multiple personality disorder is not a genetic disease.
- Approximately 73% of individuals exposed to a traumatic event experience dissociative conditions during or after the event, hours, days and weeks.
- This discomfort usually manifests itself before the age of 35 years.
- Psychotherapy is the main treatment method in the treatment of this condition.