Eating disorders are diseases in which eating behavior is significantly out of normal range. The most common types of eating disorders are anorexianervosa and bulimianervosa.
The main problem in anorexianervosa is the patient’s negative thoughts in body perception. In other words, the patient thinks that he/she is actually overweight and that he/she should lose weight. However, this is not an ordinary desire to lose weight. It’s desirable to be at a weight significantly below the health limits. When they reach unhealthy weight goal they’re very satisfied. They think that they look good, beautiful and healthy.
Their perception of their appearance is not healthy. They are pleased with their condition and appearance despite the suggestions of their relatives and especially physicians in the opposite direction. These patients usually do not look very warm to their treatment efforts. However, when body weight falls below acceptable limits according to age and height, body health begins to deteriorate. Therefore, if anorexianervosis cannot be treated, it is one of the few conditions in which mental illness is at serious risk of death.
Anorexia neurosis should be treated in hospital if body weight is too low. The main treatment of this disorder is psychotherapy. However, this should be a comprehensive and complicated approach. Individual psychodynamic oriented psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy have good results in the treatment of anorexia. Education is important,patients should know about the disease.
The main problem in bulimianervosa is recurrent overeating episodes and vomiting behavior. These patients, like anorexianervosa patients, do not want to gain weight, but their body perceptions are not as distorted as they are and are often slightly overweight or normal weight. Bulimic individuals eat or eat junk food more than a normal person can eat at a time, they can not prevent it. They often enjoy it when eating, but immediately after that they feel intense regret and sadness and vomit