Erotomania: De Clerambault Syndrome
Erotomania is to believe that you are loved and desired by everyone around. When erotomanics go to a psychologist, their complaints are as follows;
“Everyone in love with me, all the men / women around me like me”
“All the attention is upon me, people constantly admire me.”
“I have secret fans and my fans are always stalking me.”
Erotomania is a kind of delusion. the patient thinks that the people around him fall in love with him.
Is erotomania a disease?
Erotomania, which is not a mental illness or disorder, is generally a symptom of another disorder. In fact, in order to define erotomania, a closer look at how mental and mental disorders are necessary.
Erotomania dsm 5
In popular media, sloppy use of terms such as psychopath, sociopath, psychopath, maniac and schizophrenia creates information pollution.
There may also be significant differences in the use of these terms among mental health professionals. The use of a common terminology for the names and definitions of mental illnesses is based on the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), a guide prepared by the American Psychiatric Association. According to DSM 5, erotomania is one of the subtypes of delusional disorders. Delusion is all sorts of thoughts and beliefs that one believes to be true, despite the evidence that it is not. In erotomania, delusion is the belief that a particular person is in love with him. However, this delusional belief may exist as a delusion alone, or may be a symptom of other psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, psychoses, bipolar disorder, or disorders of borderline and paranoid personality.
What are the symptoms of erotomania?
The primary symptom of erotomania is that a person is obsessed with a certain and unchanging obsession that someone is in love with him. This obsession is often for a person of high social status, important or famous. He has the belief that this person loves him more than he does and is proud of it. The erotomanic person believes that his lover sent him secret messages. For example, a person who believes that a famous newscaster is in love with him. Believes that the newscaster communicates with him using a secret code while presenting news on television to communicate with him. He tries to be in contact with his lover. He constantly acts in the form of letters, e-mails, gifts and telephone calls, surveillance and harassment.
The belief that the person he thinks is his lover refuses despite all the evidence. His love for him remains unchanged.
For example, even if the victim uses legal means to issue a restraining order on the person’s contact with him. The erotomanic person may believe that this is a secret message that encourages him even more strongly.
The erotomanic person does not accept that there is no love relationship with his lover and acts as if there is a normal romantic relationship between them. He may even use violence against people he believes are in between him and his lover. Statistics show that erotomania is more common in women than men, but that men are subject to legal sanctions because of their obsessive and delusional behavior such as harassment, follow-up and threat. It usually occurs in women in their thirties and in men in their twenties.
What is the cause of erotomania and
Erotomania, a disorder that can be treated with psychotherapy, requires a comprehensive psychiatric evaluation in the diagnosis and treatment process. Psychotherapy usually focuses on the treatment of the underlying cause and symptoms.
The main problem underlying erotomania is the lack of love and intimacy needed in childhood. In childhood, the first love and intimacy relationship is established first with the mother and then with the father and siblings. Traumatic relationships may prevent a person from establishing healthy love relationships during adulthood. It is thought that it is one of the causes of erotomania in childhood, especially in women, which is deprived of father love and care.
Also this kind of defense mechanism developed as a result of feeling unworthy. Research has shown that there may be genetic aspects of erotomania. In some cases, treatment with antipsychotic medications may require psychotherapy.
In advanced cases in which the erotomanic person interferes with the life of the person whom he thinks is the secret lover and becomes dangerous for himself or others, he may need to be hospitalized and treated.