History of CBT

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a general class of psychotherapy and many approaches are in this classification.

These approaches include:

  • Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy,
  • Cognitive Therapy,
  • Rational Behavior Therapy,
  • Rational Living Therapy,
  • Schema Focused Therapy
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy

Albert Ellis: The First Independent CBT Approach

cbt
Albert Ellis

The first independent cognitive behavioral approach was the Rational emotive therapy (RET). Albert Ellis an American psychologist developed this theraphy in the mid-50s. Ellis developed this approach as a reaction to the disliked (ineffective and non-directive) nature of psychoanalysis. The philosophical origins of RDT range from the Stoic school to Epictetus and Markus Aurelius. In Epicetus Enchiridion, “ Men are disturbed, not by things, but by the principles and notions which they form concerning things ”. The most influential contemporary psychotherapist in the development of RDTis Alfred Adler, the developer of Individual Psychology.

In the sixties, Aaron Beck, a Doctor of Medicine, developed an approach called Cognitive Therapy. This therapy approach has become known for its proven effectiveness in the treatment of depression in many studies. This approach for the treatment of depression is also useful in the treatment of many mental disorders in a short time. A cognitive approach was developed for each mental disorder and hundreds of researches were conducted in the field of theory and effectiveness. David Burns, one of Beck’s co-workers, also wrote a self-help book; Feeling good. It’s about cognitive behavioral approaches and techniques, and contributed to the spread of this approach.

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