What is Personality?
Although personality includes some innate tendencies, it is predominantly shaped by the interactions that a person has with the people around. Since infancy the experiences he/she has experienced as a result of these interactions. Personality; It is the continuous state of thinking, feeling, behaving and communicating with people.
What is Personality Disorder?
Personality disorder; it occurs as a result of problematic shaping of personality traits.
The person develops problematic behaviors and thoughts that cause problems in his environment and inner world. Thus persons with this disorders cannot consistently maintain the way they communicate with people.
Persons with personality disorders experience extreme ups and downs.
They don’t realize their distorted thinking.
As a result, they have problems with the people they communicate with. They are unaware that these problems are related to their own way of thinking as well as emotional inconsistencies, and behavior.
They always blame others
These people do not realize that negative thoughts, emotions and behaviors arising from their illnesses are the result of their illnesses. To justify their negative approach, they often tend to blame others and / or ruthlessly criticize and blame themselves.
How does personality develop?
Personality is determined and shaped according to the nature of the interactions with meaningful people nearby from the moment that the person starts to communicate with the environment, ie from infancy.
These meaningful people are the parents until the age of 5-7.
Interactions with peers and teachers at the beginning of the school are also effective in personality development. From this period on, the interactions with the father and / or a significant male figure gradually increase.
Especially the quality of the experiences in childhood and age suitability are the basis of personality.
The more qualified and age-appropriate interactions with the environment, the more likely a normal personality development process. Otherwise, the basis of personality disorders occur.
What are the other factors affecting the development?
Many other elements have different effects on the development of personality:
- Genes (traits from one’s parents or descendants)
- Less or more operation of the internal glands
- Body structure
- Prenatal factors (smoking, alcohol, drug use, malnutrition, traumatic conditions during pregnancy of the mother)
- Roles such as (gender roles (being a girl, being a boy, etc.))
- How the individual perceives himself and it’s environment
- Quality of communication with family
- Approval / acceptance by friends
- Characteristics, cultural structure and values of the society
factors affecting development.
When is Personality Development Complete?
The main factor affecting development for the child is up to the family untill certain age. Personality development continues throughout life. Also most of the personality development are at an early age. It is influenced by the mother, father or other caregiver, the immediate and distant social environment. Personality development is predominantly shaped during childhood and adolescence, mainly until the age of 5-7. Traumatic events have serious effects on the development of personality problems in this period. In this period, certain personality traits of a person with a very healthy personality development may be partially differentiated due to the traumatic events experienced during adulthood.