How to Become a Psychiatric Nurse? Duties and Responsibilities

What is Psychiatric Nurse?

Psychiatric Nurse is known as PMHNs. They offer mental health services to individuals. They work with adults, children and young people. They are authorized for support and treatment in the treatment of mental illness. This profession can be quite stressful and tiring. Mentally requires being healthy and balanced. It is important to be balanced in human relations. For every patient, they need to act fair and tolerant.

Psychiatric Nurses How to be?

First, the nursing program must be completed. Nursing programs are guiding in the field of psychiatric nursing.

To become a licensed nurse:

  1-)   To have a two-year program graduate degree in nursing (hospital-centered)
2-) To graduate from a four-year university or college program for a Bachelor’s degree.
3-) NCLEX (National Council Undergraduate Examination) is required to pass the RN license exam and succeed.
When you are successful in the exam, you can start working as a nurse.

Training and Examinations for Specialization and Advanced Level

Areas of expertise are divided into different sections:

  • Psychiatric mental health Practitioner Nurse (PMHNP-BC) or
  • Psychiatric mental health Clinic Nurse (PMHCNS-BC)

Advanced psychiatric nurses have a master’s or doctoral degree in nursing. The ANCC also provides certification for these nurses.

For university education, you can look at USNews for college and College:

Psychiatric Nurse Salary and Revenue Level

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the need for employment in nursing will increase by 20 percent in 2024.
In 2015, an estimated 43.8 million adults in the United States (18 and older) were diagnosed with mental illness last year.
In this data, there is a need for specialist psychiatric nurses at all levels in America.
The salaries of psychiatric nurses are between 47.120 and 102.990 dollars in 2016 according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics in America. These prices differ from states in the United States.

In addition, the nurse’s degree of expertise, the year he worked, the area he worked and working hours determine the fee he received.

Psychiatric Nurse What does he do? What are the tasks?

Patient care

  • It controls the items that may be risky in terms of patient safety.
  • The money and private belongings of the patient is taken into custody, saves and gives to the patient when necessary.
  • It collects data continuously and systematically using the therapeutic communication techniques and evidence-based assessment tools in a bio-psycho-social integrity.
  • It takes a history of risky behaviors (suicide, violence, self-harm, harassment, abuse, neglect) and evaluates the risk level.
  • Encourages patients to self-care, supports, if necessary.
  • Physical examination of the patient’s admission to the ward, trace, and records the findings of the assault records.
  • It follows the social security of the patient and contacts the relevant units for the social security of the patients without social security.
  • Contributes to the planning of the patient’s special observations, visits, telephone permits and measures.
  • Checks the patient and the visitors.
  • Determines the patient’s care needs and problems and uses nursing process system in patient care.
  • Nutrition, weight tracking, sleep follow-up, conversion follow-up, delirium follow-up, drug side effect tracking, follow-up of pneumonia, hypomania follow-up and exceptions.
  • Provides the necessary tools and equipment for nursing services.
  • It is used for regular search on top of the list to prevent flammable, burning, cutting tools and materials from entering, checks the security measures (camera monitoring, lock control of cabinets etc.).
  • Communicates with the patient’s relative and the physician and decides on the patient’s admission.

To participate in the implementation of the medical diagnosis and treatment plan:

  • It helps patients to receive safe treatment and service in the least restrictive environment.
  • It makes planned and regular meetings in which the patients’ mental and physical health is evaluated and patient problems are addressed in line with the planned nursing practices.
  • Electroconvulsive treatment is planned for the patient to stay hungry for at least four hours before the procedure, controls the bladder discharge, removes the prosthesis, makes vital follow-up.
  • It provides the appropriate position to the patient during the electroconvulsive treatment and records the seizure monitoring and duration.
  • Observe possible complications after application.
  • If isolation or fixation is required, it makes a statement to the patient about these procedures, gives confidence and frequently observes, records observations, takes measures for possible risks.
  • The patient follows the symptoms indicating the risk of harming himself / herself or his / her environment and applies preventive approaches to prevent crisis and emergency.
  • It manages psychiatric emergencies and initiates effective emergency care.

Training and consultancy:

  • In accordance with his observations on treatment, he makes necessary suggestions to the team regarding medical treatment.
  • Participate in group therapy interviews as an important member of the mental health team.
  • It takes counseling from other departments or disciplines if necessary for the effectiveness of mental health service, and directs the individual / family to receive counseling.
  • Evaluates the support systems and community resources that are useful and useful, and directs the individual / family.
  • Plans health education and patient education by considering the level of development of the patient, willingness to learn, need for information, cultural structure and beliefs.
  • Plans and implements psycho-education programs in subjects such as coping with stress, stigmatization, interpersonal relations, awareness and initiative, problem solving skills, social skills training, and supporting the patient and family.
  • The patient and his family; plans and implements necessary trainings on the effects and side effects of drugs and evaluates the effectiveness of education.
  • It provides training and consultancy to support service personnel working with the clinic in communication and approaches with patients and relatives.

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