Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Children (OCD)
Obsessive-compulsive (obsessive-compulsive) disorder (OCD) mentioned if the child relentlessly and often repeats certain movements or thoughts for long periods of time. Obsessions are impulses, thoughts, and phantasies, which are considered repetitive, disturbing and irrational. Compulsions are behaviors that occur in order to reduce the anxiety caused by obsessions and it’s obeying the rules.
Children who have this problem may have certain thoughts or themes that are constantly repeated in their minds. For example, it may have constant concern about dirt or germs, or may have constant concern about being clean, orderly. They also renew certain movements in a ritualistic way. For example, they can wash their hands repeatedly in a certain way and for a long time, arranging his belongings repeatedly in a very specific way.
Of course, obsessive-compulsive disorder is not only washing hands. It is about thoughts and difficulties that cause obsessions in your child’s brain. It is related to ceremonial behaviors that are thought to protect against harm.
The problems of some children dealing with obsessive-compulsive disorder can be quite complex and comprehensive. Sometimes these problems may be accompanied by various tics and neurological symptoms, and sometimes they may occur with very unusual behaviors.
Although we think that obsessive-compulsive disorder is rare in our environment, research on children has shown that it appears quite frequently in the community. Generally, the age of onset is 9-12 years. It’s equal among boys and girls.
Pollution and contamination, suspicion, the idea that something bad will happen, thoughts about illness and death, thoughts about sexuality, thoughts about religion are common obsessions. Washing, controlling, arranging, sorting, repeating are also common compulsions.
Get to know: OCD
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a neurobiological problem. This is not because of you or your child. Genetic causes can be due to structural changes in the brain and neurochemical changes. It can also be trigger by a stressful event. However, more than half of the children with obsessive-compulsive disorder has not experienced any particular reason for this disorder.
You need to distinguis obsessive-compulsive disorder from others. Young children with normal development may also have recurrent behavior. Such developmental behavior usually disappears around the age of 8 years
Obsessive-compulsive disorder, which is a very common disorder, although it may seem like a rare and peculiar disorder, is related to some impairments in brain chemistry and function. Although it appears to be a stubborn disorder, it is treatable.
Supporting the family and providing information to the child and family is the most important start in the treatment. The family and the child need to know what OCD is and what it is not, learn that it is a disease, unfortunately this situation will not improve spontaneously and inform them that treatment is sometimes difficult and long.
Treatment may require medication. Research suggests that drug therapy and psychotherapy are the most effective solutions.
Many children with OCD benefit from a treatment called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). CBT teaches children new ways to think and respond to the thoughts and challenges seen in OCD. Thus, children learn to retrain their brains and get rid of obsessions in order to provide more accurate and effective answers.
Children overcome OCD by using exercise and reaction prevention methods. The main purpose of treatment; to teach children how to live with them without exhibiting the ritualistic behaviors developed to neutralize their obsessive-compulsive disorder thoughts and difficulties. Control, asking, repetition, reconstruction are ceremonial behaviors. In two steps, children’s susceptibility to obsessive-compulsive disorder decreases. With the exercise and response inhibition, the power of the OCD can reduce.
In order to apply these skills, the child must be able to understand OCD. During the treatment process, the parent must be the child’s coach, allowing the child to learn effective tactics and encouraging him to succeed.
Give your child time to learn new concepts and speak through the language they learn through interviews. Keep in mind that fighting OCD is more difficult than what your child has done before. Encourage your child to support this process.