In our country, the definition of occupational groups dealing with mental problems in many segments of society is not known enough. For example, the concepts of psychologist or psychiatrist are often used in the same sense. With this usage, the two groups which are actually very different in terms of the education they receive are mixed together.
According to the results of a study conducted on 500 people in 2006, 56.6% of the participants evaluated psychologists as speaking and psychiatrists as medicines.
According to the results of the research;
After the symptoms of depression were identified, people were asked the question ne what would you do in this case?.. 57% of the respondents answered that they thought it was a temporary situation and would not do anything.
When the symptoms of schizophrenia were given and asked ne what would you do to your relative in this situation? 51, 51.8% of the subjects answered that üm I will take them to a psychiatrist ”.
When panic disorder symptoms were identified and asked, ne What do you do in this situation? ’, 57% of the subjects stated that they would go to their internal medicine doctor, and in the next question, what would you do if your internal medicine doctor referred you to a psychiatrist? While 64.1% of the subjects answered this question as im I go to a psychiatrist,, 16% of the subjects stated that they would go to another internal medicine doctor.
People with mental health problems are also uncertain about where to apply. Mental health service should be carried out in a team work. Mental health professionals:
General practitioner / Family physician
Psychologist / Clinical Psychologist
Psychiatrist: A physician graduated from the faculty of medicine working in the recognition, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of mental disorders and completed psychiatric specialty training. The psychiatrist is a specialist who graduated from the medical faculty for 6 years and then completed a psychiatric residency for 4 years. It is the person who has knowledge about the general diseases of the human being, and has the authority, knowledge and equipment to define the mental structure and to treat when necessary.
The psychiatrist coordinates the mental health team as a clinical decision-maker. In order to provide high quality psychiatric services, application, evaluation, treatment, referral to other units and termination of treatment and rehabilitation stages are defined. The planning of the treatment to be administered to the patient and the evaluation of the treatment are entirely under the responsibility of the psychiatrist. It is entirely within the responsibility and competence of psychiatrists to diagnose all kinds of mental problems, to plan treatment, medication and other treatment methods, as well as to implement appropriate psychotherapy.
No other professional group has the authority to carry out these practices independently.
Apart from the occupational groups listed above, çalışan life coach, NLP etc. çalışan are not included in the mental health team.
Neurology is also a branch of medicine; epilepsy (sara), cerebrovascular event (paralysis due to vascular events), parkinsonism and involuntary movements, headaches, multiple sclerosis, muscle diseases, such as serves.
Psychiatry interests include:
Depression, Anxiety Disorder (Panic Disorder, General Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Social Phobia, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder), Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder), Schizophrenia, Alcohol-Substance Abuse, Sexual Function Disorders , Personality disorders, Eating disorders, Hysteria-conversion, Hypochondriasis, Tics, Old age psychiatry-dementia (dementia), Long-term mourning, Impulse control disorders.
Your mental and physical health is a whole. Many mental symptoms may indicate a physical illness, and many physical symptoms may indicate a mental illness. Mental disorders, such as physical disorders, can only be diagnosed by physicians and treated by or under the supervision of a physician. Psychiatrists have basic knowledge, skills and equipment for all types of psychiatric practice. Further expertise review can distinguish situations that require research or treatment-intervention, and may take appropriate measures to guide them. All kinds of mental problems and complaints should be evaluated firstly by physicians who have received medical education. Only the physician can decide the treatment with you. Most mental disorders can be successfully treated by biological treatments such as medication and / or psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is also a medical intervention, but it can be done by your psychiatrist or under the guidance of a clinical psychologist with training and competence in a particular therapy. Your psychiatrist decides with you the appropriate treatment for your mental state.
Source : Consultant Mehmet YUMRU
I am studying in Florida about Dialectic Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. I’m doing research on Neuro-Emotional Technique (NET), Cognitive psychology, Metacognitive Therapy.