Personality disorder; It is a continuous behavior and inner life pattern that deviates significantly from the expectations of the culture. This pattern manifests itself in at least two of the following four years.
- Ways of perceiving and interpreting oneself, other people and events
- Frequency, intensity, variability, suitability of emotional reactions,
- Interpersonal functionality,
- Impulse control.
However this continuous pattern is not flexible and encompasses a wide range of personal and social situations. This pattern does not change, it has existed for a long time, the beginning of which extends to at least young adulthood or adolescence. Also this continuous pattern leads to clinically significant distress, disruption in socio-occupations. The patient usually percieve pathological personality traits as normal. So they don’t complain about it. Patients also try to adapt the environment to themselves and friction with the environment. But features are not limited to a specific period, person or environment. It is continuous, manifests itself in almost any environment and person or community.
According to DSM-IV, personality disorders are grouped under 3 clusters and divided into 9 categories.
Cluster A: There are 3 types; paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders. These patients are “strange” and unusual
Cluster B: There are 4 types; histrionic, borderline, narcissistic, antisocial personality disorders. They are dramatic, emotional and impulsive..
Cluster C: There are 3 types; obsessive-compulsive, shy, dependent personality disorders. Patients are fearful and anxious.
The prevalence of having any personality disorder is approximately 10%. The most common ones are dependent such as histrionic, obsessive-compulsive, antisocial and borderline personality disorders.