What is Problem Solving Therapy?
Regardless of time the existence of a problem is often perceived as troubling. The problem is, in the most general sense, “the differences and obstacles between the current situation and the desired situation” (Nezu, Nezu and D ‘Zurilla, 2007). According to D ‘Zurilla, Nezu and Maydeu-Olivares’, who suggested the concept of social problem solving based on the fact that a human being is a social entity, the problem is “when a person needs to react to adapt in case of any life situation or task that needs to be accomplished. It occurs when there is no obvious or obviously effective response depending on the presence of obstacles. In fact, the problem arises when a person makes a “mistake in showing the effective and appropriate response” or “a difference between what he is currently in and what he wants to be”.
The existence of a problematic situation inevitably requires an effort for a solution. Therefore, the problem situation requires coping, dealing with obstacles, and more effort and especially change. In other words, it is necessary to act and change in order to reach the desired situation from the current situation. Changing can also be perceived as a difficult and disturbing process. At this point, people’s problem-solving styles may differ, whether effective or ineffective.
D’Zurilla and Nezu (1990) define social problem solving as the cognitive, affective and behavioral process that the individual attempts and produces to find an effective way to cope with problem situations in daily life.
The main purpose of problem solving therapy is to teach people how to approach the problems they face and the strategies they will follow to solve the problems. From this point of view, problem solving therapy aims to both treat mental problems caused by the failure of the problems and prevent the occurrence of psychological problems.
Problem-solving therapy recognizes that any problems we experience are part of our lives. We can be sick at any moment, lose someone we love, be abandoned by our beloved, be from our job, be humiliated by others, suffer injustice. So the dream of a smooth world is unrealistic. The important thing is how we deal with them rather than the existence of problems.
The main starting point of problem solving therapy is that the problem solving skills of people who have mental problems are not sufficient and effective. Problem solving therapy, which is a cognitive-behavioral therapy model, focuses on the thoughts and behaviors of people. He acknowledges that functional changes in thoughts and behaviors will be effective in the treatment of psychological problems.
Problem solving therapy is a cognitive-behavioral method. The importance of this is that the effectiveness of therapy has been proven by experimental studies. Scientific studies have shown that the inadequacies of people in their problem solving abilities are effective both in forming and maintaining psychopathologies. Therefore, problem solving therapy can be used both to overcome psychological problems caused by the problems experienced and to effectively deal with the problems.