Quasimodo Syndrome: Dysmorphic Disorder

It is the individual thinks that there are defects in it’s appearance and makes them obsessed. These imperfections, which do not actually exist, become influential in his or her daily life.

This syndrome is named after the quasimodo character in Victor Hugo’s hunchback of Notre Dame. Quasimodo syndrome was first described in 1886 by Italian psychiatrist Enrico Morelli.

Dysmorphic disorder is an extremely dangerous mental disorder known for obsessed thoughts about an overstated imaginary physical defect. When patients look in the mirror, they try to find an angle where the so-called defect does not appear.

  • They refuse to take pictures in order to avoid capturing these defects.
  • They worry too much about their appearance.
  • Having serious problems in life because of this defect because their self-esteem is low.
  • They feel strange in any community, they suspect that they have noticed and laughed at the “flaws of others.

There is usually a defect in the face, nose, skin and eyes. They deal with the places they find defective for an average of 3-6 hours a day. If one’s dissatisfaction with oneself left untreated, it can lead to suicide.

This situation, which may occur between the ages of 15-20, affects especially adolescents. Since adolescence is in the process of questioning and acceptance, the appearance is important for self-confidence.

Persons with illness go to dermatology or plastic surgery clinics before the psychiatrist. It is also very difficult for them to accept this and consult a doctor because they are ashamed of their great flaws. This disorder, which shows some form of obsession, can also lead to (see sociophobia), (see obsessive) (see compulsive) disorder and depression.

About the Author
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Marilyn Walker
Marilyn Walker
I am studying in Florida about Dialectic Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. I'm doing research on Neuro-Emotional Technique (NET), Cognitive psychology, Metacognitive Therapy.
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