Quasimodo Syndrome: Dysmorphic Disorder


Quasimodo Syndrome, which is a dysmorphic disorder, is one of the most unusual and difficult to understand situations among mental disorders.

What is Quasimodo Syndrome?

Quasimodo Syndrome is a term used to describe individuals who suffer from an inferiority complex and display an excessive concern about their own body.

It is the individual thinks that there are defects in its appearance and makes them obsessed. These imperfections, which do not actually exist, become influential in his or her daily life. 

This syndrome is named after a character in Victor Hugo’s hunchback of Notre Dame. The Quasimodo Syndrome was first described in 1886 by Italian psychiatrist Enrico Morelli.

quasimodo syndrome
Quasimodo Syndrome
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Dysmorphic disorder is an extremely dangerous mental disorder known for obsessive thoughts about an overstated imaginary physical defect. When patients look in the mirror, they try to find an angle where the so-called defect does not appear.

Typical Properties of Quasimodo Syndrome

  • They refuse to take pictures in order to avoid capturing these defects.
  • They worry too much about their appearance.
  • They have serious problems in life because their self-esteem is low.
  • They feel strange in any community, they suspect that they have noticed and laughed at the “flaws of others.

There is usually a defect in the face, nose, skin, and eyes. They deal with the places they find defective for an average of 3-6 hours a day. If one’s dissatisfaction with oneself is left untreated, it can lead to suicide.

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This situation, which may occur between the ages of 15-20, affects especially adolescents. Since adolescence is in the process of questioning and acceptance, the appearance is important for self-confidence.

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People with this illness go to dermatology or plastic surgery clinics before the psychiatrist. It is also very difficult for them to accept this and consult a doctor because they are ashamed of their great flaws. This disorder, which shows some form of obsession, can also lead to an obsessive compulsive disorder, and depression.

Last Updated on December 3, 2021 by William Lindberg

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I am studying in Florida about Dialectic Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. I'm doing research on Neuro-Emotional Technique (NET), Cognitive psychology, Metacognitive Therapy.

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