Rational Emotional Behavioral Therapy ( REBT ), the most important therapy method inspired by cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), is what people have in their
that negative psychological states are caused by their beliefs and that positive changes will occur when we change these beliefs
It is based on the thought. In this article, we will try to give information about the basic elements, techniques and treatment methods of REBT.
Albert Ellis, known as the first example of cognitive theories and the pioneer of Rational Emotional Behavioral Theory, developed the theory of Rational Psychotherapy in 1961 under the name of Rational Emotive Therapy in 1961. Albert Ellis thought that the free connotation method was quite lacking in solving the problems, clearing and relieving the negative emotions such as anxiety, fear and unhappiness of the clients. In this context, he focused on to the beliefs of the clients and encouraged them to work with them in this field by enabling them to discover their unrealistic thought systems in the solution of their problems.
The therapeutic process in REBT is not only with the disappearance or reduction of anxiety, depression, anger, despicableness, guilt and other emotional problems, but also with positive areas such as happiness, life satisfaction, rational acting, independence, responsibility and ability to use the existing potential of individuals. Similarly, Ellis argues that not only the effects of pure irrational beliefs on mental health, but also intellectual, emotional and behavioral factors significantly determine individuals’ mental, physical and social resilience as well as their relationships with others and the outside. Although the model is expressed as ABCDE, this theory, which covers the treatment processes of the clients, uses the hypotheses in clinical settings.
You can find certified RBT therapists worldwide at albertellis.org/find-therapists/.
Rational Emotional Behavioral Therapy (REBT) Technique
Beliefs in this model are considered to play an important role. According to the model; the beliefs individuals have about this event or situation (B) towards an ‘activating’ (A) event / situation causes them to have some consequences (C) in the emotional and behavioral area The beliefs that occur in individuals (B) can be irrational or rational in nature. If these beliefs are irrational, they have a structure that is harmful to health, incompatible with reality, non-functional and irrational. Although these beliefs are rational, they have a healthy and functional structure.
REBT tries to change the beliefs that cause individuals to be unhappy with cognitive, emotional and behavioral intervention techniques and struggles with dysfunctional thoughts that cause annoyance towards the individual . It can be said that the external world in which individuals live is very important in terms of theory in the formation of these beliefs. These beliefs in individuals are learned from the family in which they live since their birth, from the attitudes and characteristics of their family members, from their friends and the culture they belong to. In this context, clinicians fight the irrational beliefs of the client and help individuals cope with these beliefs. In this theory, it can be said that the main goal of therapies is to teach the client a more rational method of thinking rationally.
In REBT, it is assumed that there is no understanding that places the client at the center of the therapies and progresses in this context. By providing individuals with rational gains in their perspective on life, they help clients to think more and use active teaching techniques in this context by turning this into an advantage. Even if this theory uses techniques such as building trust, counter-reaction and emotional reflections in its structure at the beginning of the consultation process, it can be said that it has turned into a more active and instructive teaching process by the clinician and creates a teacher-student relationship with the client. Clinicians working with REBT have evaluated this theory not only in emotional disturbances but also in their approach to developing problem solving skills, group work, guidance and education.
Last Updated on January 5, 2021 by Marilyn Walker