Schema Therapy and Modes


What is Schema Therapy?

Schema therapy is a type of psychotherapy that helps people overcome difficulties in their lives. This post will explore how schema therapy works and what you can expect from this type of therapeutic approach. 

Who developed this theory?

Jeffrey E. Young has developed schema therapy for use in treating personality disorders and chronic DSM Axis I disorders, such as when patients struggle to respond or regress following other treatments.

Schema Therapy is integrative psychotherapy incorporating theory and methods with historically developed treatments, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychoanalytic object relations theory, attachment theory, and Gestalt therapy. In this article, you will find Schema Therapy and Schema Therapy modes such as Child Schema Therapy Modes, Adult Schema Therapy Modes, etc.

Many schemes can determine one’s life in the most general sense. However, not all of these schemes are active at all times. One or several schemes may be active, while the others may be inactive. Schema mode represents the person’s currently active schemes. With the change of the schema model of the person, new schemes can occur.

schema therapy

There are basically 3 different sides/modes/egos within each person. These modes can be roughly thought of as child, parent, and adult mode. We can categorize schema modes as follows:

Schema Therapy Modes

Child Modes

Hurt Child mode

This person is sad, unhappy, lost, neglected, insignificant, humiliated; briefly feels like a hurt child.

Angry Child Mode

The person is, angry, frustrated, disappointed; they feel like a child whose emotional or physical needs are not met.

Impulsive / Undisciplined Child Mode

This mode is like a child who is accustomed to getting what he/she wants instantly. They do not know how to control themselves; do not tolerate waiting. Spoiled attitudes.

Happy Child Mode

The most basic feature of this person is that he/she perceives himself/herself as being happy with basic needs.

Parental Modes

Punitive Parent Mode

In this mode, the person is extremely sensitive to the rules. The rule overrides the goal. The person thinks that those who do not obey the rules (including himself/herself) should be punished.

Demanding Parent Mode

A person feels as if his or her parent is constantly asking for something challenging. The person should work hard, and do the best. It is wrong for a person to open up his emotions or to express himself.

Incompatible Coping Modes

Listening/Surrender Mode

It does not oppose unfair criticism and compelling demands. Even though it is difficult for him to do what is requested, he doesn’t say his own needs.

Vulnerable Child Mode

The individual refuses all kinds of help from people and secludes himself/herself. They will not establish an emotional bond with people. He will not express his needs. He feels empty, messy, characterless and so on.

Overcompensation Mode

It is characterized by disproportionate egotrip, arrogance, feeling superior to other people, pressure, orientation, status indulgence, and effort for attention-getting. All of these behaviors are developed to meet the unmet basic needs.

Healthy Adult Mode

It is the healthy adult side of the personality. The individual is aware of himself, his basic needs and his unhealthy modes. He tries to change his negative sides. He has a peaceful attitude toward himself and others. He likes people and works and produces in a balanced way.

Last Updated on December 2, 2021 by William Lindberg

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I am studying in Florida about Dialectic Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. I'm doing research on Neuro-Emotional Technique (NET), Cognitive psychology, Metacognitive Therapy.

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