Schema Therapy is one of the most popular and most talked therapy methods in recent years. It is so successful that the books about it are among the best sellers. Moreover, there is much we can do on our own in this method of therapy.
What is Schema Therapy?
Schema Therapy was developed by Jeffrey Young. Childhood sometimes deals with the reflections of the experiences and information obtained in adolescence to adulthood. However, Scheme Therapy deals with the negative of these reflections, the disturbing ones. The scheme is the smallest injured part of the soul functional.
Schema Therapy, psychotherapy model has been one of the most effective therapy methods especially in America and Europe, it has developed in the last 20 years. Today, it is effectively used by psychotherapists in 82 countries. Schema Therapy is Holistic. It has grown by incorporating the most important elements of all previous schools. These; There are many psychological schools such as Psychoanalytic Therapy, Object Relations Theory and Attachment, Interpersonal Therapy, Cognitive Therapy, Behavioral Therapy. The holistic approach to schema therapy allows it to address problems in a multifaceted and broad way.
Why Schema Therapy?
With the infancy, the person who defines the environment and the world begins to gain knowledge in time. This information, which has been learned since childhood, now forms the person’s schemes. Man has a scheme of everything in his life. Through those schemes, everything or everyone we encounter after the first experience has a value, meaning as it occurs in our minds. We group the things we experience in our minds, encode what we can distinguish from each other.
What are the topics of schema therapy?
Negative, maladaptive schemes are of interest to Scheme Therapy. Schema; The most basic negative psychological structure of the human being. Actually, according to the scheme, what we are currently experiencing is the basis of our injured schemes or schemes.
Scheme In therapy, the therapist does not diagnose the client. It tries to find out the basic scheme of psychological problems in the client. In other words, the person has learned to cope with this scheme that he has created as a result of his experiences in life. If there are disturbing behaviors or thoughts and attitudes, they try to look for the basics of the client’s early childhood life and try to make sense of the disruptive processes in early childhood or adolescence.
Schemes can be updated continuously.
In schema therapy, there is a reassessment of schemes due to negative experiences. These disruptive schemas identified in past experiences can be updated with an effective therapy process and the right expert support.
The emergence of disruptive schemes depends on whether the individual’s continuing needs are met from the moment he opens his eyes to the world.
What are the Universal Needs of Individuals?
Individuals need care needs, basic trust, consistency, continuity, healthy competition, acceptance, approval, autonomy, creating a perception of consistent and healthy identity, playing games, role playing, spontaneity. According to scheme therapy, these needs are universal. Failure to meet or exceed these needs will result in an imbalance. In this case, our negative schemes occur. These schemes or schemas prevent individuals from coping with any situation they encounter.
Individuals whose needs cannot be met
Generally, individuals whose needs cannot be met at an early age do not realize what or what is missing in their lives. For this reason, they constantly drift in pursuit of a need that cannot be fed. They experience the consequences of the deficiencies created by the unresolved needs of the individual. Generally, these results are painful and difficult to adapt to. Schema According to therapy, a psychologically healthy person is a person who can adequately meet these needs.
Therapist Application Process
In individuals, behaviors parallel to the schema or schemes are seen, and therefore, it is examined whether the individual needs a treatment or psychotherapy, and whether the behaviors parallel to the schema of the individual harms himself or his environment or the people around him. If there is and continues to be disruptive behavior, it is useful to consult with a correct schema therapist and to get support from experts.
Jeffrey Young grouped the schemes under 5 fields and 18 subheadings.
The schemes below the fields are separated as follows;
I – Separation and Exclusion (Rejection) Area:
Skepticism / Abuse Scheme:
Emotional Deprivation Scheme:
Defect / Shame Chart:
Social Isolation (Isolation / Alienation) Scheme:
II – Damaged Freedom (Impaired Autonomy and Ability to Do Business) Field:
Addiction / Disability Scheme:
Adhesion (Undeveloped Self) Chart:
III – Damaged / Weak Limits Area:
Rightness / grandiloquence:
Insufficient Self-Control Scheme:
IV – Other Orientation Area:
Neck Bending / Withdrawal Chart:
Approval Search Scheme:
V – Hypersensitivity And Printing Area:
Pessimism / Failure to Fold Diagram:
Emotion Suppression / Extreme Responsibility Scheme:
High (Ruthless) Standards / Extreme Criticism Chart:
Punishment (Ruthlessness) Scheme:
What problems can schema therapy help?
Schema Therapy, relationship problems, experiencing performance concerns, inability to enter crowded environments, continuous abandonment in relationships, doubting everyone, having difficulty expressing himself, believing that he is constantly making mistakes, chronic depression and anxiety, eating disorders, chronic couple problems involving repetitive cycles. etc. problems. First of all, whether or not the person applying to the specialist for psychological problems is suitable for schema therapy is evaluated accurately and in detail by the specialist. If the client is eligible to work with Scheme Therapy, the process starts.
Schema At the end of the therapy process, individuals are separated by recognizing the basis of their problems, that is, their causative schemes. However, there may be a possibility of recurrence of other problems over time. It is in this case that the client can manage what he / she has learned from the support of Scheme Therapy. If he cannot deal with incompatible processes again, he can still get support from his specialist.
I am studying in Florida about Dialectic Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. I’m doing research on Neuro-Emotional Technique (NET), Cognitive psychology, Metacognitive Therapy.