Schizoid personality disorder is a type of eccentric personality disorder. A person with this disorder behaves differently from most other people. This may include avoiding social interactions, or seeming to be aloof or lacking personality. However, people with this disorder are able to function fairly well in society.
For a diagnosis of schizoid personality disorder, patients must have a persistent pattern of :
- Not wanting to be a part of the family nor to be in close relationships
- Always prefering to participate in a single event
- Having little interest in having sexual experience with someone else
- Enjoying very few activities
- Not having close friends or friends except first degree relatives
- Being indifferent to the praise or criticism of others
- Being emotionally cold and disconnected.
These patients do not seem bothered by what others think of them—whether good or bad. Because they do not notice normal clues of social interaction, they may seem socially inept, aloof, or self-absorbed. They rarely react (eg, by smiling or nodding) or show emotion in social situations. They have difficulty expressing anger. Also they do not react appropriately to important life events and may seem passive in response to changes in circumstances. As a result, they may seem to have no direction to their life.
Many people choose not to seek treatment because this includes interacting with others. However, treatment can be successful if you have a desire to change.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy can change behavior. It can be a successful treatment for this condition because it teaches you how to change your thoughts about and behaviors in social situations. This may change reluctance to pursue social relationships.
- Group therapy is another option that can help you practice your social skills. This will help you become more comfortable in social situations.
- Medication is generally not used unless other treatment methods aren’t working. There are no FDA-approved medications to treat personality disorders. However, medications may be used to treat other conditions that occur along with personality disorders, such as depression or anxiety.
Sources : https://www.merckmanuals.com/
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