Sleeping Disorders

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Sleep is a reversible behavior and consciousness state in which the organism’s interactions with the environment, perceptions and reactions disappear, and about one-third of our spend with sleeping. Sleeping is an essential activity for a healthy life. Distortions in this cause both physical and mental problems.

Sleep can be impaired due to many physical or mental illnesses, and there are disorders in which the main problem is the sleep process. If the sleep problem is accompanied by the symptoms of other mental disorders (such as depressive disorder, anxiety disorders), it is first treated. Already often with this treatment sleep problem will be corrected. The primary problem is related to sleep disorders are listed below:

I. Insomnia

II. Hypersomnia

  • Narcolepsy
  • Respiratory sleep disorders

III. Sleep disturbance of circadian rhinitis (jet-lag, sleep disturbance in shift workers)

IV. Restless Legs Syndrome


Nocturnal myoclonus – periodic leg movements

V. Parasomnias

  • Nightmare disorder
  • Sleeping Teror
  • Sleepwalking
  • Bruxism: Grinding teeth during sleep

Insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep, frequent waking up, waking up too early and not sleeping again, resulting in shortened sleep time and deterioration of sleep quality. These findings also lead to the provision of adequate environmental conditions and opportunities for sleep.

Insomnia is accompanied by :

  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Attention or lack of memory
  • Social or functional impairment or poor school performance
  • Mood disorder or restlessness
  • Decrease in motivation and energy
  • Tendency to make mistakes while driving or working
  • Tension, headache, digestive system symptoms in response to sleep loss

This may also be related to sleep hygiene disorders. In this case, it is necessary to make arrangements for this. Not sleeping during the day, not doing activities before sleep, the suitability of the pillow and bed, not drinking food and drinks (tea, coffee, chocolate, etc.), sufficient silence, attention to sleep hours. Some physical diseases (such as sleep apnea syndrome, nasal abnormalities, some painful diseases) can also cause insomnia.

As non-drug methods; behavior guidance techniques (abstaining from daytime sleep, not going to bed with an empty stomach or immediately after eating, not doing sports, alcohol and caffeine-containing stimulant drinks, etc.), and in some cases sleep restraint therapy. If there is an underlying cause such as anger, anger, conflict situations, stress, appropriate psychotherapy methods can be beneficial.

Hypersomnia

Night sleep is too long and / or excessive daytime sleepiness and drowsiness. This is different from the next day’s sleep due to sleep at night. Because it is caused by a disorder related to the biological sleep mechanism.
Stimulant drugs are used in the treatment.

Nightmare Disorder


It is a particular disorder with waking up from night or day sleep, recalling in detail the long-term and highly frightening dreams that threaten survival, security or self-esteem. These arousals usually occur in the second half of the sleep period.

As soon as a person awakens from frightening dreams, he knows where and when he is, and he is awake.

Fear in Sleep (Sleep Terror)

Generally, there are episodes of recurrent, awakening from sleep that start with screaming that occurs in the first third of the sleep period and appears in unwarranted fear.

Each episode is accompanied by signs of intense fear, heart palpitations, rapid breathing and sweating.

During an episode, the individual remains relatively unresponsive to others’ efforts to relieve himself.

A detailed dream is memorable and there is memory loss for the episode passed.

Sleepwalking Disorder

It is the recurrent episodes of getting up and walking during sleep, which usually occurs in the first third of the actual sleep period.

When a person is sleepwalking, they remain very unresponsive to the efforts of others to communicate with them and its hard to wake them up.

A person doesn’t remember the episode after waking up.

Within a few minutes of the sleepwalking episode, there is no impairment of mental activity or behavior.

About the Author
Total 105 posts
Sefa Ozer
Sefa Ozer
Currently studying psychology and researching cognitive behavioral therapy. Also have studied comprative literature,interested in gender studies,. Loves helping people playing video games and dancing.
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