An individual’s fear or anxiety in one or more social situations in which one can be judged by others.Examples include social interactions (speaking, meeting unfamiliar people), observing (for example, eating or drinking) and performing an action in front of others ( making a speech, playing a musical instrument, answering a teacher’s question).
The person is extremely afraid of behaving in a negative way in such situations or showing signs of anxiety (trembling, flushing, sweating, stuttering).
Individuals with social phobia take a lot of precautions in order to avoid their concerns (such as drinking alcohol before a social event, non-sweat clothes, sitting in the back of the bus). Even if they perceive neutral reactions during the social event they feel humilated. They think they don’t perform well enough at the end of the event
In social phobics, there is a significant sense of worthlessness. Unlike depression, this cannot happen alone, but only in social settings. Most individuals with social phobia seem to lack self-confidence. This core problem, which started to settle in childhood, forms the basis for both social phobia and other mental problems and diseases in the following years.
While the problems caused by social phobia differ according to age, the main concern is the same; to make mistakes, to say something, to be disgraceful, to be humiliated in the eyes of people. In order to avoid this anxiety, patients should avoid any situation that has the potential to cause this. They try not to enter new environments where they may meet new people, they do not raise their hands even though they know the answer to the question teacher asks.
The most common situations and actions of social phobia are:
- Talking to someone on the phone
- Eating in public
- Using public WC
- Writing, studying in public (library,cafe)
- Talking to opposite gender
- To be the center of attention
- Talking to someone in charge
- Sharing opinions (Especially when it’s contrary
As in other anxiety disorders, antidepressant drugs and cognitive behavioral psychotherapy are the most effective methods for the treatment of this disease. Other types of psychotherapy are effective (psychodynamic and supportive psychotherapy)