Specific (Simple) Phobia
Specific phobia is one of the most common disorders among all mental disorders. Since phobia can develop against almost everything, phobic situations are encountered in a wide variety. Phobias can be related to a situation, an activity or an object animal such as spider, insect, dog), natural environment (altitude, wind, water), blood / injection / wound (injector, invasive interference), situational (aircraft, lift, covered area).
Fear and phobia is not the same thing. There is a degree difference between them. Someone with an elevator phobia may not be able to get on the elevator even if it is necessary to climb nine stairs each day. In other words, phobia is more severe than fear and can significantly impair the quality of life and functionality of a person.
In specific phobia, feared objects are perceived as more dangerous than they actually are (“Dog is a very dangerous animal”).(“Every time I go out, I will always encounter a dog). When they face with the feared object, they may overreact (If I ever encounter a dog it will definitely attack me and bite me ”). They avoid the object. Avoidances occur in every patient. If it is excessive, it will impair functionality and affect life, for example, a person with dog phobia may not even leave the house.
Psychotherapy (cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy) is more effective in treatment than drugs. Behavioral methods (such as comparing the individual with the feared situation or object in stages, making them insensitive to the object or situation, no longer causing anxiety reactions) are particularly useful in eliminating the problem. In most cases, 2-3 sessions will be sufficient for treatment. In addition, antidepressant drugs can be used in the treatment.
Some phobia names are:
- Anemophobia: fear of the storm
- Dentophobia: fear of dentist
- Eisoptrofobi: fear of mirrors
- Electrophobia: fear of electricity
- Emetophobia: fear of vomiting
- Hypnophobia: fear of sleep
- Monophobia: fear of loneliness
- Nictophobia: fear of the night
- Nosocomephobia: fear of hospitals