What is Substance Addiction?
Substance Addiction, abuse of substances such as alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, prescription narcotics, and others can lead families, friends, employers, jobs, money, and the law to have health issues and serious problems. And, amid these concerns, the substance’s use persists. In this article, we will talk about what is substance addiction, how the abuse of substances affects life, etc.
Drugs produced for the treatment of a disease are not considered as “substances if prescribed by the doctor and used in the prescribed dose and in the appropriate time.
However, when one uses medicines more often than the doctor prescribes, for reasons like; having fun, feeling good, getting high, or seeing how it will affect, the medicine gains the status of substance for that person. So anything that is not prescribed by a doctor can be a substance.
Some of the drugs (sleeping pills, tranquilizers, painkillers) that can gain substance properties, abuse and dependence can be improved; xanax (alprozolam), nervium / diazem (diazepam), rivotril (clonazepam), atarax (hydroxyzine), rohyphol / rosh (flunitrazepam), suboxane (buprenorphine), profenidbenzidamine …
All substances show their effects by direct or indirect stimulation of the reward mechanism in the brain. The most important factor in the continuation of substance use is this intense pleasure feeling. As the use continues, the reward value of the substance increases, while the sensitivity to natural rewards (such as spending time with the family) decreases and becomes uncomfortable. Possible negative consequences of substance use (such as family disintegration, judicial problems, material losses) lose their importance. Dependents prefer small but immediate prizes to larger but delayed prizes. Therefore, the punishments in these people doesn’t work.
Why Do People Use Drugs?
Although these individuals have problems in social and interpersonal relationships, they use repetitive substances in a way that prevents them from fulfilling their responsibilities in their work and home life. They reduce or completely abandon the time allocated to important social activities or hobbies due to substance use. Although they know that physical or mental problems are related to substance use, they continue to use substance. They spend a lot of time and mental effort to acquire, use, and get rid of the substance, almost becoming unable to think of anything else. They experience legal problems related to substance use, but they can still continue to use them.
Cannabis, known as “weed” in society, is one of the most common substances. Misconception about it being not very harmful plays an important role in spreading. In recent years, synthetic, chemical derivatives have been produced with various mixtures. Due to the observations these mixtures, whose exact contents are unknown, have serious adverse consequences (even death).
What Are the Effects of Drugs?
Frequent and high amounts of cannabis use have a particularly detrimental effect on mental health. Cannabis use in genetically sensitive individuals can lead to schizophrenia. On the other hand, even if schizophrenia does not occur, problems such as depression, paranoia, anxiety disorders, and sleep disorders are common in long-term use. Cannabis use is also important in terms of its transition to other substances (heroin, cocaine, acid, etc.). Therefore, its use should be restricted and users should be treated to remove and keep away from the substance.
Drugs vary depending on the substance used in the treatment of substance use disorders and addictions. Antidepressant and antipsychotic medications are also useful. On the other hand, many mentally ill or substance addicts have another mental disorder (depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, sleep disorder, personality disorder etc.) and this disorder constitutes the basis for substance use. Therefore, we suggest both drug treatment and psychotherapies to address these underlying mental problems while treating patients’ substance dependence. Only in this way will they be able to permanently move away from substance use.
Last Updated on December 24, 2020 by Lucas Berg