Supportive psychotherapy is a psychotherapy which requires psychiatric diagnostic evaluation. So it’s for achieving a planned and specific goal of therapeutic interventions. It is also based on psychodynamic foundations. However, the psychotherapist who uses this type of therapy can be eclectic (holistic; also benefiting from other psychotherapy techniques) in terms of the intervention tools used by taking into account the needs of the patient. Today, supportive psychotherapy is the most common method among individual psychotherapies.
Objectives; reduce or prevent the risk of recurrence of mental disorder; also repairing, maintaining and improving self-esteem, ego functions and adaptation skills; to help the individual cope with a current problem, even if it is not a mental disorder.
The most common and most effective mental problems and diseases are;
- Depressive disorder,
- Phobic disorders,
- Panic attacks and panic disorder,
- Social phobia,
- Psychological factors affecting the physical state (psychosomatic disorders),
- Mourning process,
- Crisis situations,
- Marital problems,
- Early stages of dementia,
- Substance addiction,
- Schizophrenia and also all personality disorders.
In addition, supportive psychotherapy is used during the terminal periods of some medical diseases such (AIDS, cancer, some neurological diseases), mental problems of patients with chronic medical diseases(asthma, diabetes, adaptation after transplantation) and after acute medical diseases (after heart attack, spinal cord injuries)