What Does Child Psychologist Do?
Correct and timely fulfillment of physiological and psychological needs in childhood is a prerequisite for healthy development. While parents are ready to make all kinds of sacrifices for the healthy development of their children, there will also be points that they sometimes miss.
The needs of each child differ in what level their needs are and what needs vary in each age range. However, it is beneficial to have knowledge about the main general developmental stages in terms of approach to the child.
Generally, parents easily provides the physiological needs of the child, such as feeding and shelter. In addition, psychological needs, which are very important in child development, are often difficult to discern and are too late to eliminate them.
Parents should meet the child’s psychological needs, such as basic sense of trust, love and acceptance. Ignoring these needs lead to a number of maladaptive behaviors and developmental problems in the child. Parents are often aware of behavioral changes in their children and worry about what to do. Missgint the needs of the child in certain periods will not make the parents a bad parent. The conditions of being a good parent include observing the child well and seeing the changes in the child. Parents can overcome these problems by consulting a child psychologist if they cannot solve the problems on their own.
Why Do Childeren Need Psychological Support?
Many factors can cause psychological and behavioral problems in infants and children. Some babies have developmental abnormalities due to genetic structure. In some, viral infections such as rubella constitute a risk factor. However, premature babies are also at risk of experiencing cognitive development and attention problems. Infants and children are also affected by social and environmental factors. For example, divorce in the family, family conflict, domestic violence, alcohol or substance abuse, stressful life events, or poverty in families where children experience severe psychological problems are highly likely. Finally, especially children whose mother tend to have psychiatric problems has depressive patterns.
At the root of psychological disorders seen in children lies biological, social and psychological needs as well as hereditary and environmental reasons. In this respect, it is important to understand the extent to which the psychological and social needs of the child are met and prevented according to the age of the child.
How to Tell if the Child Needs Psychological Support?
The main criterion that a child is experiencing psychological problems is often incompatibility and changes in his behavior. Many children resort to various behaviors as a coping method. Some situations may be suspected if there is difficulty in communicating with the child and if there is a significant change in behavior.
There are some classifications accepted by psychiatrists and child psychologists in the course of child development. This classification, which is called normal and abnormal behavior, is also defined as a compatible and incompatible child.
The concept ”harmony” is that the child is able to establish a balanced communication and relationship with those around him. Children who are ”incompatible” are those who have difficulty in communicating and communicating with others in their social environment. These children have difficulty in establishing relationships and cooperating.
Parents call their child who behave inappropriately as naughty, incompatible, moody, irritable. However, not all undesirable behaviors of the child fall into the category of incompatible behavior. Children who are in rapid growth and development want to gain new movements and experiences in every age range. Children face different conditions and difficulties during these developmental periods.
Although their ability to adapt to changing conditions varies in every child, it is normal to experience temporary adjustment disorders. For this reason, it is necessary to make some distinctions in order to understand whether the child really has an adaptation problem. It is possible to arrive at these distinctions by considering the developmental period depending on the age of the child.
Who Can Offer Psychological Support to Childeren?
First of all, these supports must be obtained from experts who have completed their undergraduate education in psychology, guidance and psychological counseling department or psychiatry. The titles of experts working in the field of child psychology are child psychologist, child psychiatrist and school psychologist. Parents can discover psychological disorders in their childeren, teachers of school-age children can also recognize problems. Teachers who notice problems in children can also be instrumental in referring the child to the school psychologist after informing the parents.