What is Dyslexia? What are the Symptoms? What is the Treatment?
What’s not dyslexia ?
Dyslexia is not a mental illness, a mental disability, mental retardation, problems with sensory organs or behavioral disorder.
What Causes Dyslexia?
The cause of dyslexia is not certain. However, there are various opinions on this issue. For example, according to the New Scientist Journal, dyslexia is classified as innate developmental dyslexia ’and‘ dyslexia due to trauma ’. Congenital developmental dyslexia is divided into four groups as prenatal, birth order, postnatal and hereditary. Among the factors that predispose to the development of prenatal dyslexia are the unhealthy or insufficient nutrition of the mother and the drugs she consciously uses. Long and difficult struggle of birth, placenta and umbilical cord anomalies can be examples of dyslexia during delivery. Delay or difficulty in breathing of the baby after birth, feverish illnesses and head strokes are examples. Finally, hereditary dyslexia is also the presence of other people with dyslexia in the family.
When parents do not have enough consciousness about dyslexia, they may behave incriminating manner. For example, ”why can’t you, you’re very naughty”. These sentences can lead to permanent problems in the child. On the other hand, dyslexic children may have problems of self-confidence when they fail in school classes. This problem negatively affect the child and may lead to pessimism and withdrawal. In order to avoid these problems and for the psychological health of the child, recommendations to parents are as follows:
- Be patient
- Support with games
- Don’t compare with others
- Collaborate with school management and teacher
- Appreciate their talents
- Make learning fun with games
- Show that your love is not commensurate with success
It is not possible to educate children and adolescents with dyslexia only with the regular classroom curriculum and private lessons. After the diagnosis and evaluation, the learning process can be achieved with special education programs and educational therapy. Dyslexia cannot resolve spontaneously without therapy. The most effective method for the treatment of dyslexia is provided by special training programs. Although the tools in these special education programs do not completely remove dyslexia, they allow the child to easily overcome the obstacles in the learning process.
The ‘Child Mental Health and Diseases’ section deals with the treatment of dyslexia. Experts in this section apply tests such as reading disorder and learning disorder test to diagnose dyslexia. But there is no definitive treatment of dyslexia. However, there are other forms of treatment for dyslexia. For example; ADHD (Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder) is a disorder that can coexist with dyslexia. In such a case, there are treatment methods with or without medication for attention deficit.
Recommendations for Dyslexia
Regardless of the cause of dyslexia, it is important that the family acknowledge the existence of this problem and take it to an expert educator for its resolution. The families of children with dyslexia often attribute the cause of this problem to external factors and immediately change external factors such as school or teacher. Sometimes these families feel guilty and anger. This situation becomes an alarming dimension and can drag families to depression. Therefore, families should first accept this problem and seek help to solve it.
As soon as signs of dyslexia are recognized, the child should be taken to a specialist.
Dyslexia requires special expertise and assistance, which should not be expected from teachers. Necessary medical and psychological measurements should be made and psychoeducation and psychiatric support should be provided. The child with dyslexia should be accepted without comparison with anyone and without denying the special situation. Parents are advised to be patient, understanding and tolerant.
All family members, especially parents, should be consistent.
You should take care to provide the necessary support to gain self-confidence, to direct to social activities, to appreciate and encourage what they can do. Recognizing that each child’s growth, development and learning level and duration are different, the child should be approached with love and care