The hikikomori; It means closing in Japanese. This problem, which became a national problem of Japan, is believed to affect 800,000 people in Japan according to 2019 data.
According to the Japanese government census, 540,000 people between the ages of 15 and 39 experienced this problem in 2016. (Source) However, mental health and treatment in Japan is seen as a serious weakness. Instead of treatment, “folding” behavior is accepted. For this reason, there are many informal cases of Hikikomori outside the official figures.
Almost all of the inhabitants of Hikikomori are male. They do not work in a job, do not go to school, do not establish a social relationship with the outside world. (outside the internet). They often relate to their families, even reluctantly, and often rarely. The majority closes itself in the room. Very few of them only come out at night (only to meet the needs of the inhabitants).
It’s like they’re mad at the world.
Between the ages of 35-49, the number of men who have this problem increases day by day. In this video, “Kazuo Okada” is a patient with this condition.
This disease is usually seen in Japanese men between the ages of 15-30. These people isolate themselves from society as a result of any failure, social pressure and bullying. These people close or lock themselves in a room or a house. Hikikomori is the name given to this closure behavior.
Usually, this problem disappears within a few days. But sometimes it is long-term. They read books in the room, spend time on the internet, play games. Time is very important for this diagnosis. When there is more than 6 months of Hikikomori diagnosis is made. In some cases, this period has been 20-30 years. In recent years, this problem is observed in men between the ages of 35-40. On Japanese TV channels you can see the news that there are people who are 20 years old when they are diagnosed with Hikikomori and still have 50 years old.
According to the Japan state Hikikomori Criteria and Diagnosis;
- Going to school and not going to work.
- Difficultly interacting with people outside family members.
- And these are going on for at least 6 months.
- Clearly and permanently avoid social situations and social relations.
- No physical or mental impact to explain the symptoms of social withdrawal.
From time to time, we encounter people who are isolated from the world, for example (Genie). Examples of this are frequently seen in the cinema screen. In the (Room), the life of the mother and child who live in a closed room is the subject of life. (Oldboy), the screenwriter takes up the issue in a more fantastic way, an office worker remains mysteriously locked in a room for more than 15 years. He is released after 15 years. However, his mental health is deteriorated and he wants to punish those responsible. As a result, people living in isolated ways from the outside world often go crazy and cannot adapt to the outside world when they are released. Similarly, prisons exist for the punishment of crimes committed by humans. But why does a person shut himself up consciously and willingly in his room? He lives for years in this way, abstracts from the outside world and his own will.
A big problem for Hikikomori Japan !!
This behavior of consciously closing itself is a very serious problem for Japan. These young people do not leave their education, do not work, look for work, do not participate in a social activity. These young people are living with their parents’ income or pension. They don’t pay taxes, they don’t pay for health insurance. As a result, these young people;
For the Japanese government, each year it costs about 1.680 billion yen ($ 15,456 million). ( Source)
Why Did Hikikomori Come Out? What are the reasons?
First of all, Hikikomori is not a formal disease. However, it is known that the Japanese culture has a significant impact on this problem affecting hundreds of thousands of people.
Most psychologists and psychotherapists agree that this problem is linked to the Japanese sosyal secente sek social belief.
So what is the “sekentei?”
For centuries, Japanese culture has established grat and loyalty and social structures. Accordingly, your reputation in the community and your ability to influence others depend on the secular belief.
Japan, which has created a country from scratch after the second world war, has entered into one of the strongest economies in the world with its economy in a very short time. (1950 – 1970) They worked with all their powers to achieve this. However, in 1980, Japan entered an economic recession. The generations that were raised during this period understood that their parents could never achieve success. But her parents still expect them to create a better future. This idea of secularism is the result of continuous work and the belief that as a result to advance and develop.
The next generation will remain in the shadow of this success. Most Japanese young people accept this pressure at various levels and continue their lives by struggling. But there are too many Japanese young people who have been crushed under this pressure and have failed. When these young people feel unsuccessful, they isolate themselves from society. After isolating themselves, they feel more unsuccessful and consequently punish themselves. There is a saying, Either, Either Ever !!
In a sense, this also applies to the person who is Morbidly obese. Place to eat because of anxiety and stress. She buys weight for eating. When he gets weight, he is less admired by society. This causes him more stress and anxiety. And as a result more space. This continues in the form of a vicious circle.
Dependent relationship between Japanese Mother And Boy have problems !!
The only reason for Hikikomori is not the success of the Japanese. One of the most important reasons is the relationship between mother and son. In Japan there is a very dependent relationship, especially among the eldest son and mother. The mother shows deep respect and compassion for the boy. This bond is so strong that in the following years the child continues even when he is 30 years old. The fact that the boy is loved, protected and cared by so many mothers leads to a love dependence in the child. It also causes the boy to be weaker and more vulnerable in society. The boy has been more sensitive, and if he does not fulfill his wishes, he can apply violence to his mother.
This unhealthy mother-to-son relationship ensures that the child will always take care of his mother. The reason why Anne showed such a love-related love relationship with her son is because she is present and manifested in society and comes from a hundred years of tradition.
This unhealthy relationship between the mother and the child may have reduced the child’s resistance to pressure. The boy has given up instead of fighting all these. He accepts defeat, has no expectation from life and just wants to linger. To linger until death. However, it will often fail to accept how unrealistic this life is.
It is called “amae” in japan where it is wanted to be closed to the boys’ rooms by their mothers with a soft and affectionate look like a sick child. You can often hear this term in chat and articles about Hikikomori. As the foundations of this unhealthy relationship are laid at a very young age, it is necessary to correct this situation. However, in this case, especially the mother is a very important factor in the family. It is primarily the mother’s duty to have this awareness.
It is also remarkable that there are many incest examples in porn and anime films in Japan. In the Japanese society, it is a fact that sexual intercourse is common among fantasies, at least in the form of fantasy.
Although Hikikomori seems to be a problem of the Japanese society, it is actually a disease and needs to be treated. However, it is known that young people have closed themselves in their rooms and they have big problems in the method and application of treatment because they refuse to connect with them.
Today, non-profit organizations like newstart-jimu are working for the solution of the Hikikomori problem. In this case, “rented sisters” who contacted the outside way to reach at least these people are trying to reach. We discussed this subject in detail in the topic “A different solution to the problem of Hikikomori”.
I am studying in Florida about Dialectic Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. I’m doing research on Neuro-Emotional Technique (NET), Cognitive psychology, Metacognitive Therapy.